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The Governance of multi-use platforms at sea forenergy production and aquaculture: challenges forpolicy makers in European seas

Listed author(s):
  • Stuiver, Marian
  • Soma, Katrine
  • Koundouri, Phoebe
  • van den Burg, Sander
  • Gerritsen, Alwin
  • Harkamp, Thorbjørn
  • Dalsgaard, Niels
  • Zagonari, Fabio
  • Guanche, Raul
  • Schouten, Jan-Joost
  • Hommes, Saskia
  • Giannouli, Amerissa
  • Söderqvist, Tore
  • Rosen, Lars
  • Garção, Rita
  • Norrman, Jenny
  • Röckmann, Christine
  • de Bel, Mark
  • Zanuttigh, Barbara
  • Petersen, Ole
  • Møhlenberg, Flemming

European seas are encountering an upsurge in competing marine activities and infrastructures. Traditional exploitation such as fisheries, tourism, transportation, and oil production are accompanied by new sustainable economic activities such as offshore windfarms, aquaculture, and tidal and wave energy. One proposed solution to overcome possible competing claims at sea lies in combining these economic activities as part of Multi-Use Platforms at Sea (MUPS). MUPS can be understood as areas at sea, designated for a combination of activities, either completely integrated in a platform or in shared marine space. MUPS can potentially benefit from each other in terms of infrastructure, maintenance, etc. Developing MUPS in the marine environment demands adequate governance. In this article, we investigate four European sites to find out how governance arrangements may facilitate or complicate MUPs. In particular, we apply a framework specifying policy, economic, social, technical, environmental, and legal (PESTEL) factors to explore governance arrangements in four case study sites in different sea basins around Europe (the Mediterranean Sea, the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, and the Baltic Sea). The article concludes with policy recommendations on a governance regime for facilitating the development of MUPS in the future.

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File URL: http://eprints.lse.ac.uk/66579/
File Function: Open access version.
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Paper provided by London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library in its series LSE Research Online Documents on Economics with number 66579.

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Date of creation: 2016
Publication status: Published in Sustainability, 2016, 8(4), pp. 1-19. ISSN: 2071-1050
Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:66579
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  1. Chunlai Chen, 2011. "Foreign Direct Investment in China," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 14100.
  2. Alwin L. Gerritsen & Marian Stuiver & Catrien J. A. M. Termeer, 2013. "Knowledge governance: An exploration of principles, impact, and barriers," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 40(5), pages 604-615, March.
  3. Ashley, M.C. & Mangi, S.C. & Rodwell, L.D., 2014. "The potential of offshore windfarms to act as marine protected areas – A systematic review of current evidence," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 301-309.
  4. Hooper, Tara & Austen, Melanie, 2014. "The co-location of offshore windfarms and decapod fisheries in the UK: Constraints and opportunities," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 295-300.
  5. Christie, N. & Smyth, K. & Barnes, R. & Elliott, M., 2014. "Co-location of activities and designations: A means of solving or creating problems in marine spatial planning?," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 254-261.
  6. Silvia Sacchetti & Roger Sugden, 2009. "The Organization of Production and its Publics: Mental Proximity, Market and Hierarchies," Review of Social Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 67(3), pages 289-311.
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