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Regional Convergence and Sustainable Development in China

Author

Listed:
  • Fang Yang

    () (Collaborative Innovation Center for Peaceful Development of Cross-Strait Relations, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
    School of Economics, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China)

  • Shiying Pan

    () (China Center for Energy Economics Research, School of Economics, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China)

  • Xin Yao

    () (China Center for Energy Economics Research, School of Economics, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
    Collaborative Innovation Center for Energy Economics and Energy Policy, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China)

Abstract

Based on the convergence theory of economic growth, this paper extends this concept to the human development index and carries out an empirical analysis of regional development in China between 1997 and 2006. Our research shows that the conditional convergence has been identified. Investment in fixed assets, government expenditure on education, health and infrastructure construction have positive effects on regional convergence of social development. Population weighted analysis of human development index provides support for weak convergence amongst provinces. Analysis of dynamics of regional distribution reveals the club convergence, which indicate two different convergence states. Central China is in the shade and lags behind, giving rise to the so-called “central downfall”. To solve this problem, the “Rise of Central China” Plan is necessary to promote the connection between coastal and inland regions of China and reduce the regional development gap.

Suggested Citation

  • Fang Yang & Shiying Pan & Xin Yao, 2016. "Regional Convergence and Sustainable Development in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(2), pages 1-15, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:2:p:121-:d:63084
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:8:p:1359-:d:106767 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Peng Bin, 2016. "Dynamic Development of Regional Disparity in Mainland China: An Experimental Study Based on a Multidimensional Index," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(12), pages 1-28, December.
    3. repec:eee:ecmode:v:68:y:2018:i:c:p:360-371 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Yongrok Choi & Malin Song & Seunghwan Myeong, 2016. "Introduction to the Special Issue on the Sustainable Asia Conference 2015," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(3), pages 1-9, March.
    5. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:4:p:633-:d:96026 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    social development; human development index; convergence; inequality;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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