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Energy Consumption and Energy Efficiency of the Transportation Sector in Shanghai

Author

Listed:
  • Malin Song

    (Research Center of Statistics for Management, Anhui University of Finance & Economics, Anhui 233030, China)

  • Nan Wu

    (School of Political Science and Economics, Waseda University, 1-6-1 Nishiwaseda Shinju-ku, Tokyo, Japan)

  • Kaiya Wu

    () (National Innovative Institute for Public Management and Public Policy, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China)

Abstract

This article investigates changes in the transportation sector in Shanghai between 2000 and 2010 and the implications of this on transportation energy consumption and energy efficiency. The results show that from 2000 to 2010: (1) the traffic energy consumption increased from 597.96 million tons of carbon to 2070.22 million tons of carbon, with an average annual growth rate of 13.49%, and oil met 94.49% of this energy demand by 2010; (2) among present transportation modes, waterway transportation accounts for over 50% of the energy consumption within the transportation sector (on the dominant transportation modes for Shanghai residents, private car use accounted for the largest proportion of energy consumption, whereas rail transportation accounted for the smallest proportion of energy consumption); (3) the energy consumption per unit conversion traffic volume had an upward trend, whereas the energy consumption per unit output value showed a declining trend. Across the study period, the energy consumption elasticity coefficient is 0.94 on average, indicating that the change rate of energy consumption has lagged behind that of economic growth. Correspondingly, some recommendations for energy policy were presented.

Suggested Citation

  • Malin Song & Nan Wu & Kaiya Wu, 2014. "Energy Consumption and Energy Efficiency of the Transportation Sector in Shanghai," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(2), pages 1-16, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:6:y:2014:i:2:p:702-717:d:32777
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Cristea, Anca & Hummels, David & Puzzello, Laura & Avetisyan, Misak, 2013. "Trade and the greenhouse gas emissions from international freight transport," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 153-173.
    2. Lund, Henrik & Münster, Ebbe, 2006. "Integrated transportation and energy sector CO2 emission control strategies," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(5), pages 426-433, September.
    3. Akisawa, Atsushi & Kaya, Yoichi, 1998. "Two model analyses of the urban structure of minimal transportation energy consumption," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 25-39, September.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Heng Li & Jun Peng & Weirong Liu & Zhiwu Huang, 2015. "Stationary Charging Station Design for Sustainable Urban Rail Systems: A Case Study at Zhuzhou Electric Locomotive Co., China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(1), pages 1-17, January.
    2. Jichao Geng & Ruyin Long & Hong Chen & Ting Yue & Wenbo Li & Qianwen Li, 2017. "Exploring Multiple Motivations on Urban Residents’ Travel Mode Choices: An Empirical Study from Jiangsu Province in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(1), pages 1-16, January.
    3. Zhilong Chen & Lichang Su & Cheng Zhang, 2016. "Research on the Synergy Degree of Aboveground and Underground Space along Urban Rail Transit from the Perspective of Urban Sustainable Development," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(9), pages 1-22, September.
    4. repec:eee:transb:v:102:y:2017:i:c:p:142-161 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Xu, Bin & Lin, Boqiang, 2015. "Carbon dioxide emissions reduction in China's transport sector: A dynamic VAR (vector autoregression) approach," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 486-495.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    transportation industry; energy consumption; elasticity coefficient;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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