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The Role of CSR and Ethical Leadership to Shape Employees’ Pro-Environmental Behavior in the Era of Industry 4.0. A Case of the Banking Sector

Author

Listed:
  • Qiang Wu

    (Economics and Management School, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China)

  • Jacob Cherian

    (College of Business, Abu Dhabi University, Abu Dhabi P.O. Box 59911, United Arab Emirates)

  • Sarminah Samad

    (Department of Business Administration, College of Business and Administration, Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, Riyadh 11671, Saudi Arabia)

  • Ubaldo Comite

    (Department of Business Sciences, University Giustino Fortunato, 82100 Benevento, Italy)

  • Huajie Hu

    (School of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China)

  • Stefan B. Gunnlaugsson

    (Department of Business Administration, University of Akureyri, 600 Akureyri, Iceland)

  • Judit Oláh

    (Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Debrecen, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
    College of Business and Economics, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg 2006, South Africa)

  • Muhammad Safdar Sial

    (Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Islamabad 44000, Pakistan)

Abstract

The phenomenon of corporate social responsibility (CSR) is an ever-evolving concept due to its multidimensionality. However, a plethora of studies have investigated CSR to achieve different organizational-related objectives, and its potential link to shape employee’s extra-role behavior, especially employee pro-environmental behavior (EB) in the era of Industry 4.0, is underexplored in the literature. To bridge this gap, the current study aims to explain the relationship between CSR and EB with the mediating role of ethical leadership (EL) in the banking sector of Pakistan. The data of the current survey were collected ( n = 459) from different banking employees within the city of Lahore through a self-administered questionnaire (paper–pencil technique). The hypotheses were validated through the structural equation modeling (SEM) technique in AMOS. The empirical results of the current study confirmed that CSR positively relates to EB, and EL partially mediates this relationship. These findings are helpful for professionals to realize the significance of CSR and EL to shape EB in order to mitigate the environmental footprint of an organization.

Suggested Citation

  • Qiang Wu & Jacob Cherian & Sarminah Samad & Ubaldo Comite & Huajie Hu & Stefan B. Gunnlaugsson & Judit Oláh & Muhammad Safdar Sial, 2021. "The Role of CSR and Ethical Leadership to Shape Employees’ Pro-Environmental Behavior in the Era of Industry 4.0. A Case of the Banking Sector," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(17), pages 1-20, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:13:y:2021:i:17:p:9773-:d:626055
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