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The Socio-Economic Cost of Wind Turbines: A Swedish Case Study

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  • Hans Westlund

    (Department of Urban Planning and Environment, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden)

  • Mats Wilhelmsson

    (Department of Real Estate and Construction Management, Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden)

Abstract

The expansion of wind turbines plays a significant role in developing the ability of a country like Sweden to achieve climate-neutral energy production without relying on nuclear power plants. Wind-turbine energy production is expected to grow in the coming decades. Conflicts may arise between, on the one hand, the government and the energy authority, and, on the other hand, municipalities and property owners, especially if this expansion affects other economic activities, such as tourism and reindeer husbandry, or property values. This report aims to analyse the negative capitalization of wind turbines on property values in Sweden over the last ten years. Our conclusions clearly show a relatively significant capitalization and that this capitalization is relatively local, within eight kilometers of the wind power plant. Large wind turbines, or larger clusters of wind turbines in wind farms, impose a greater socio-economic cost on lower value properties.

Suggested Citation

  • Hans Westlund & Mats Wilhelmsson, 2021. "The Socio-Economic Cost of Wind Turbines: A Swedish Case Study," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(12), pages 1-16, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:13:y:2021:i:12:p:6892-:d:577306
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    sustainability; wind turbines; capitalization; housing values; hedonic analysis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • R51 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Finance in Urban and Rural Economies
    • R53 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Public Facility Location Analysis; Public Investment and Capital Stock

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