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Short-Term and Long-Term Entrepreneurial Intention Comparison between Pakistan and Vietnam

Author

Listed:
  • Asim Nasar

    () (Azman Hashim International Business School, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 54100, Malaysia)

  • Suzilawati Kamarudin

    () (Azman Hashim International Business School, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 54100, Malaysia
    College of Business Administration, University of Business and Technology, Jeddah 21448, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)

  • Adriana Mohd Rizal

    () (Azman Hashim International Business School, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 54100, Malaysia)

  • Vu Thi Bich Ngoc

    () (Faculty of Mathematical Economics, National Economics University, Hanoi 11616, Vietnam)

  • Samar Mohammad Shoaib

    () (Deanship of Scientific Research, University of Business and Technology, Jeddah 21448, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)

Abstract

This study’s purpose is to measure entrepreneurial intention in near and distant time scales using temporal construal theory and the theory of planned behavior. It examines new patterns to measure individual intentions to become an entrepreneur, which are classified into short-term entrepreneurial intention and long-term entrepreneurial intention, using a two-country study. A cross-sectional study of 447 university students in business and non-business disciplines from Pakistan and Vietnam was conducted. Structural equation modeling and the partial least squares model were used to present path modeling and multigroup analysis. The proposed model for entrepreneurial temporal intention was tested using the theory of planned behavior dimensions with the potential temporal spectrum of short-term and long-term intentions. The results indicated differences in individual entrepreneurial temporal intentions across the two lower middle-income countries. The findings depict that short-term entrepreneurial intention significantly mediates the effect between the theory of planned behavior dimensions and long-term entrepreneurial intention, and more specifically, that long-term entrepreneurial intention is higher than short-term entrepreneurial intention in both countries. In comparison, the theory of planned behavior dimensions indicated more power in Pakistan’s student sample. This paper presents a new perspective to compare differences in entrepreneurial intention with time fluctuation and thus provides support in identifying potential nascent entrepreneurs based on their psychological distance in thinking and primitive action.

Suggested Citation

  • Asim Nasar & Suzilawati Kamarudin & Adriana Mohd Rizal & Vu Thi Bich Ngoc & Samar Mohammad Shoaib, 2019. "Short-Term and Long-Term Entrepreneurial Intention Comparison between Pakistan and Vietnam," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(23), pages 1-26, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:23:p:6529-:d:288760
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    References listed on IDEAS

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