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Innovations’ Success and Failure in the Business Cycle

Author

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  • Vicente Salas-Fumás

    () (Faculty of Economics and Business, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain)

  • Javier Ortiz

    () (Faculty of Economics and Business, Universidad de Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain)

Abstract

This paper examines three channels of influence of the business cycle in the propensity of firms to introduce technological innovations: Aggregate demand (firms initiate more innovation projects in expansion than in recession; risk (the probability that initiated projects fail is higher in contraction than in expansion); and obstacles to innovate (more firms perceive the obstacles to innovate as high in recessions than in expansions and the high obstacles implies lower propensity to initiate innovation projects). With Spanish CIS data we find evidence that the three channels contributed to the fall in the proportion of firms that introduce technological innovations during the Great Recession, compared with the proportion of innovators in the years of expansion. The research methodology consists on estimating a multiprobit model with the probability that firms introduce technological innovations, the probability that firms abandon ongoing innovation projects, and the probability that firms perceive the obstacles to innovate as high.

Suggested Citation

  • Vicente Salas-Fumás & Javier Ortiz, 2019. "Innovations’ Success and Failure in the Business Cycle," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(15), pages 1-22, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:11:y:2019:i:15:p:4187-:d:254288
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Jorge Andrés Vélez-Ospina & Isabel Busom Piquer, 2020. "Subsidizing Innovation Over the Business Cycle," Working Papers wpdea2001, Department of Applied Economics at Universitat Autonoma of Barcelona.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    innovation output; abandons; business cycle; financial constraints; Spanish CIS panel data;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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