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The Social Efficiency for Sustainability: European Cooperative Banking Analysis

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  • Leire San-Jose

    (Faculty of Economics and Business (Sarriko), ECRI, University of the Basque Country, UPV/EHU, 48015 Bilbao, Spain
    Department of Accountancy, Finance and Economics, University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield HD1 3DH, UK)

  • Jose Luis Retolaza

    (Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Economics Department, University of Deusto, 48014 Bilbo, Spain)

  • Eric Lamarque

    (Management and the Governance of Financial Cooperatives (MGCF), Université Paris 1 Pantheon Sorbonne, 75013 Paris, France)

Abstract

This paper seeks to establish the relationship between economic efficiency and social efficiency to analyze the sustainability of banking in Europe. The type-effect has been analyzed, as stakeholder value banks—cooperatives and saving banks—should not be less socially and economically efficient than commercial banks. This European analysis was made using the Bankscope database, as it provides a unique insight into the stakeholder view that clarifies, by an analysis of two-stage boundaries, that there is no single model of social and economic efficiency according to the type of financial entity in Europe. These findings contribute to the social cost paradox and shared value perspective, and more broadly to stakeholder theory. It is established that a tradeoff between economic and social efficiency is not needed. There are different behaviors in different European countries. Moreover, our results could lead to the development of social indicators of the sustainability aspects of organizations without resorting to traditional accounting.

Suggested Citation

  • Leire San-Jose & Jose Luis Retolaza & Eric Lamarque, 2018. "The Social Efficiency for Sustainability: European Cooperative Banking Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 10(9), pages 1-21, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:9:p:3271-:d:169557
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    Cited by:

    1. Kai Li & Zhili Ma & Guozhou Zhang, 2019. "Evaluation of the Supply-Side Efficiency of China’s Real Estate Market: A Data Envelopment Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(1), pages 1-18, January.
    2. Caby, Jérôme & Ziane, Ydriss & Lamarque, Eric, 2020. "The determinants of voluntary climate change disclosure commitment and quality in the banking industry," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 161(C).
    3. Cândida Ferreira, 2020. "Evaluating European Bank Efficiency Using Data Envelopment Analysis: Evidence in the Aftermath of the Recent Financial Crisis," International Advances in Economic Research, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 26(4), pages 391-405, November.
    4. Marta Idasz-Balina & Rafał Balina & Noer Azam Achsani & Iwona Błaszczak & Grażyna Chrostowska-Juszczyk, 2020. "The Determinants of Cooperative Banks’ Community Service—Empirical Study from Poland," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(5), pages 1-12, March.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    stakeholder theory; sustainability; risk; social efficiency; banking; cooperative banks; Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA);
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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