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Sustainability Assessment of Electricity Generation Technologies in Egypt Using Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis

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  • Mostafa Shaaban

    () (Research Group Climate Change and Security (CLISEC), University of Hamburg, Grindelberg 5/7, 20144 Hamburg, Germany
    Center for Earth System Research and Sustainability (CEN), University of Hamburg, Bundesstraße 53, 20146 Hamburg, Germany
    Institute of Geography, University of Hamburg, Bundesstraße 55, 20146 Hamburg, Germany)

  • Jürgen Scheffran

    () (Research Group Climate Change and Security (CLISEC), University of Hamburg, Grindelberg 5/7, 20144 Hamburg, Germany
    Center for Earth System Research and Sustainability (CEN), University of Hamburg, Bundesstraße 53, 20146 Hamburg, Germany
    Institute of Geography, University of Hamburg, Bundesstraße 55, 20146 Hamburg, Germany)

  • Jürgen Böhner

    () (Center for Earth System Research and Sustainability (CEN), University of Hamburg, Bundesstraße 53, 20146 Hamburg, Germany
    Institute of Geography, University of Hamburg, Bundesstraße 55, 20146 Hamburg, Germany)

  • Mohamed S. Elsobki

    () (Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Gamaet El Qahera St., Giza 12613, Egypt)

Abstract

Future electricity planning necessitates a thorough multi-faceted analysis of the available technologies in order to secure the energy supply for coming generations. To cope with worldwide concerns over sustainable development and meet the growing demands of electricity we assess the future potential technologies in Egypt through covering their technical, economic, environmental and social aspects. In this study we fill the gap of a lacking sustainability assessment of energy systems in Egypt where most of the studies focus mainly on the economic and technical aspects of planning future installation of power plants in Egypt. Furthermore, we include the stakeholder preferences of the indicators in the energy sector into our assessment. Moreover, we perform a sensitivity analysis through single dimension assessment scenarios of the technologies as well as a sustainable scenario with equal preferences of all dimensions of the sustainability. We employ two multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) methodologies: the analytical hierarchy process for weighing the assessment criteria, and the weighted sum method for generating a general integrated sustainability index for each technology. The study investigates seven technologies: coal, natural gas, wind, concentrated solar power, photovoltaics, biomass and nuclear. The results reveal a perfect matching between the ranking of the technologies by the stakeholders and the sustainable scenario showing the highest ranking for natural gas and the lowest for nuclear and coal. There is a strong potential for renewable energy technologies to invade the electricity market in Egypt where they achieve the second ranking after natural gas. The Monte-Carlo approach gives photovoltaics a higher ranking over concentrated solar power as compared to the sample data ranking. The study concludes the importance of a multi-dimensional evaluation of the technologies while considering the preferences of the stakeholders in order to achieve a reliable and sustainable future energy supply.

Suggested Citation

  • Mostafa Shaaban & Jürgen Scheffran & Jürgen Böhner & Mohamed S. Elsobki, 2018. "Sustainability Assessment of Electricity Generation Technologies in Egypt Using Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(5), pages 1-25, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:11:y:2018:i:5:p:1117-:d:144187
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Taimur Al Shidhani & Anastasia Ioannou & Gioia Falcone, 2020. "Multi-Objective Optimisation for Power System Planning Integrating Sustainability Indicators," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(9), pages 1-32, May.
    2. Ole Zelt & Christine Krüger & Marina Blohm & Sönke Bohm & Shahrazad Far, 2019. "Long-Term Electricity Scenarios for the MENA Region: Assessing the Preferences of Local Stakeholders Using Multi-Criteria Analyses," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(16), pages 1-26, August.
    3. Evelyn Lobsiger-Kägi & Luis López & Tobias Kuehn & Raoul Roth & Vicente Carabias & Christian Zipper, 2018. "Social Life Cycle Assessment: Specific Approach and Case Study for Switzerland," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(12), pages 1-24, November.
    4. Colla, Martin & Ioannou, Anastasia & Falcone, Gioia, 2020. "Critical review of competitiveness indicators for energy projects," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 125(C).
    5. Mondal, Md. Alam Hossain & Ringler, Claudia & Al-Riffai, Perrihan & Eldidi, Hagar & Breisinger, Clemens & Wiebelt, Manfred, 2019. "Long-term optimization of Egypt’s power sector: Policy implications," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 166(C), pages 1063-1073.
    6. Witold Chmielarz & Marek Zborowski, 2020. "Towards Sustainability in E-Banking Website Assessment Methods," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(17), pages 1-25, August.
    7. Marcin Rabe & Dalia Streimikiene & Yuriy Bilan, 2019. "The Concept of Risk and Possibilities of Application of Mathematical Methods in Supporting Decision Making for Sustainable Energy Development," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(4), pages 1-24, February.
    8. Thushara, De Silva M. & Hornberger, George M. & Baroud, Hiba, 2019. "Decision analysis to support the choice of a future power generation pathway for Sri Lanka," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 240(C), pages 680-697.
    9. Vahid Khaligh & Majid Oloomi Buygi & Amjad Anvari-Moghaddam & Josep M. Guerrero, 2018. "A Multi-Attribute Expansion Planning Model for Integrated Gas–Electricity System," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(10), pages 1-22, September.
    10. Sana Bashir & Iftikhar Ahmad & Sajid Rashid Ahmad, 2018. "Low-Emission Modeling for Energy Demand in the Household Sector: A Study of Pakistan as a Developing Economy," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(11), pages 1-17, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    sustainability; electricity; technology assessment; MCDA; Egypt;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q49 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Other

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