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Detailed Modelling of the Deep Decarbonisation Scenarios with Demand Response Technologies in the Heating and Cooling Sector: A Case Study for Italy

Author

Listed:
  • Francesco Calise

    () (Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, 80040 Naples, Italy)

  • Massimo Dentice D’Accadia

    () (Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, 80040 Naples, Italy)

  • Carlo Barletta

    () (Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, 80040 Naples, Italy)

  • Vittoria Battaglia

    () (Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, 80040 Naples, Italy)

  • Antun Pfeifer

    () (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb,10000 Zagreb, Croatia)

  • Neven Duic

    () (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb,10000 Zagreb, Croatia)

Abstract

Energy policies accompanying the transition towards a sustainable development process must be supported by technical analyses in which future energy scenarios are modeled and evaluated. This paper analyzes possible decarbonization scenarios in Italy for the year 2050. They envisage high electrification of transports and residential buildings, high use of renewable energies, and a modal shift towards public transport. The energy scenarios are evaluated using a software program, EnergyPLAN, starting from a reference model developed for the year 2014. Special attention has been given to the modeling of data that are unavailable in the literature, such as the time profile of heating and cooling demands, obtained with the degree-days method and validated by elaborating the results of the modeling of the residential building stock, this latter was dynamically simulated in TRNSYS. The results show that to obtain a significant decrease of greenhouse gas emissions and fossil fuel consumption, it is necessary not only to promote a deeper penetration of renewable sources, but also their integration with other technologies (cogeneration, trigeneration, power-to-heat systems, thermal storage, vehicle-to-grid operations). In fact, renewables technologies alone can raise some critical issues, such as excess and/or shortage of electricity production and non-sustainable exploitation of biomass.

Suggested Citation

  • Francesco Calise & Massimo Dentice D’Accadia & Carlo Barletta & Vittoria Battaglia & Antun Pfeifer & Neven Duic, 2017. "Detailed Modelling of the Deep Decarbonisation Scenarios with Demand Response Technologies in the Heating and Cooling Sector: A Case Study for Italy," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(10), pages 1-33, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:10:y:2017:i:10:p:1535-:d:114007
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Miklos Kassai & Laith Al-Hyari, 2019. "Investigation of Ventilation Energy Recovery with Polymer Membrane Material-Based Counter-Flow Energy Exchanger for Nearly Zero-Energy Buildings," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(9), pages 1-21, May.
    2. Tae-Hyoung Kim & Young-Sun Jeong, 2018. "Analysis of Energy-Related Greenhouse Gas Emission in the Korea’s Building Sector: Use National Energy Statistics," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(4), pages 1-17, April.
    3. Sara Bellocchi & Michele Manno & Michel Noussan & Michela Vellini, 2019. "Impact of Grid-Scale Electricity Storage and Electric Vehicles on Renewable Energy Penetration: A Case Study for Italy," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(7), pages 1-32, April.
    4. Lombardi, Francesco & Rocco, Matteo Vincenzo & Colombo, Emanuela, 2019. "A multi-layer energy modelling methodology to assess the impact of heat-electricity integration strategies: The case of the residential cooking sector in Italy," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 170(C), pages 1249-1260.
    5. Borna Doračić & Tomislav Novosel & Tomislav Pukšec & Neven Duić, 2018. "Evaluation of Excess Heat Utilization in District Heating Systems by Implementing Levelized Cost of Excess Heat," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(3), pages 1-14, March.
    6. Birol Kılkış & Şiir Kılkış, 2018. "Hydrogen Economy Model for Nearly Net-Zero Cities with Exergy Rationale and Energy-Water Nexus," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(5), pages 1-33, May.
    7. Kaiser Ahmed & Margaux Carlier & Christian Feldmann & Jarek Kurnitski, 2018. "A New Method for Contrasting Energy Performance and Near-Zero Energy Building Requirements in Different Climates and Countries," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(6), pages 1-22, May.
    8. Guelpa, Elisa & Verda, Vittorio, 2019. "Thermal energy storage in district heating and cooling systems: A review," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 252(C), pages 1-1.
    9. Groppi, D. & Astiaso Garcia, D. & Lo Basso, G. & De Santoli, L., 2019. "Synergy between smart energy systems simulation tools for greening small Mediterranean islands," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 135(C), pages 515-524.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    energy planning; energy efficiency; renewables;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • Q49 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Other

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