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Biofuels and the Future of Food: Competition and Complementarities

Author

Listed:
  • Simla Tokgoz

    () (International Food Policy Research Institute, 2033 K Street, Washington, DC 20006, USA)

  • Wei Zhang

    () (International Food Policy Research Institute, 2033 K Street, Washington, DC 20006, USA)

  • Siwa Msangi

    () (International Food Policy Research Institute, 2033 K Street, Washington, DC 20006, USA)

  • Prapti Bhandary

    () (International Food Policy Research Institute, 2033 K Street, Washington, DC 20006, USA)

Abstract

In this paper, we draw the key linkages between future biofuels growth on agricultural commodity prices, and highlight some of the key uncertainties over OECD fuel and energy policies, and their implications for global agricultural markets and the world food situation. Our results show some of the implications that biofuels expansion has on crop area expansion in regions where environmental concerns exist over land use change and the possible impacts on the environment. We also point to some promising areas for future research and specify some implications for policy interventions.

Suggested Citation

  • Simla Tokgoz & Wei Zhang & Siwa Msangi & Prapti Bhandary, 2012. "Biofuels and the Future of Food: Competition and Complementarities," Agriculture, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(4), pages 1-22, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jagris:v:2:y:2012:i:4:p:414-435:d:22110
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    biofuels; agriculture; agricultural markets and trade; food security;

    JEL classification:

    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture
    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General
    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • Q14 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Finance
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q16 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - R&D; Agricultural Technology; Biofuels; Agricultural Extension Services
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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