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The Relation Between the Cyclically Adjusted Budget Balance and the Growth Accounting Method of Deriving Net Fiscal Effort

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Abstract

This paper deals with the growth accounting method used to derive “net fiscal effort”. Net fiscal effort can then provide a clue about whether fiscal policy is expansionary or not, and, together with data on economic performance, can answer the question of the pro- or anti-cyclicality of the fiscal stance. Traditionally, the answer to such questions has been provided via the cyclically adjusted budget balance. I argue that the relatively computationally intensive and data demanding process of estimation of the cyclically adjusted budget balance can be replaced by the simple growth accounting method without significant loss of information. I argue that in the general case, the answers provided via the growth accounting method will not differ widely from the conclusions provided via the cyclically adjusted budget balance. I then illustrate the use of growth accounting on Czech fiscal data and compare the outcomes of both methods. The conclusions reached in the empirical part fit nicely with the conclu sions of the theoretical part of the paper.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Zápal, 2007. "The Relation Between the Cyclically Adjusted Budget Balance and the Growth Accounting Method of Deriving Net Fiscal Effort," Czech Economic Review, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, vol. 1(3), pages 324-334, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:fau:aucocz:au2007_324
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    File URL: http://auco.fsv.cuni.cz/storage/28_2007_03_324.pdf
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    1. Bouthevillain, C. & Van Den Dool, G. & Langenus, G. & Mohr, M. & Momigliano, S. & Tujula, M. & De Cos, P.H. & Cour-Thimann, Philippine, 2001. "Cyclically Adjusted Budget Balances: an Alternative Approach," Papers 77, Quebec a Montreal - Recherche en gestion.
    2. Vladimir Bezdek & Kamil Dybczak & Ales Krejdl, 2003. "Czech Fiscal Policy: Introductory Analysis," Working Papers 2003/07, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
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    Keywords

    expansionary/contractionary fiscal policy; cyclically adjusted budget balance; growth accounting; net fiscal effort;

    JEL classification:

    • C82 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data; Data Access
    • H62 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - Deficit; Surplus

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