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Salario eficiente y crecimiento económico para el caso de América Latina. (Efficient wages and Economic Growth in Latin America)

Author

Listed:
  • Tomás Gómez Rodríguez

    () (Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo. México.)

  • Humberto Ríos Bolívar

    (Escuela Superior de Economía del Instituto Politécnico Nacional. México.)

  • Ali Aali Bujari

    (Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo. México.)

Abstract

En la actualidad, la investigación sobre el salario eficiente ha llamado la atención acerca de la posibilidad de que incrementos salariales puedan aumentar la productividad y, por lo tanto, el crecimiento económico de un país. Por otro lado, se plantea la hipótesis de que el desempleo y la inflación sean variables que aumentan la ineficiencia. Para estudiar estos posibles resultados, se utiliza un enfoque de frontera de producción estocástica para panel de datos, en un período que abarca del año 1995 al año 2011. Los países considerados en el estudio son: Argentina, Brasil, Colombia, Chile, México, Perú y Venezuela. Se encuentra evidencia de que existe una relación positiva entre aumento salarial y crecimiento económico. Así mismo, los resultados muestran que el desempleo y la inflación son variables que aumentan los efectos de ineficiencia.

Suggested Citation

  • Tomás Gómez Rodríguez & Humberto Ríos Bolívar & Ali Aali Bujari, 2018. "Salario eficiente y crecimiento económico para el caso de América Latina. (Efficient wages and Economic Growth in Latin America)," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(2), pages 213-235, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:ere:journl:v:xxxvii:y:2018:i:2:p:213-235
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Crecimiento Económico; Salarios Eficientes; Eficiencia Técnica;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General

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