The History of the Static Equilibrium Dominant Firm Price Leadership Model
The static equilibrium dominant firm price leadership model is traced to a seminar presentation by Karl Forchheimer in 1906, who seems to have originated the concept of a dominant firm facing competition from fringe rivals maximizing profits on the basis of residual demand--industry demand less quantity supplied by the fringe. Heinrich von Stackelberg completed the model analytically in 1934, although in a duopoly context absent stable equilibrium. George Stigler finally combined von Stackelberg's comparative statics with Forchheimer's price-taking fringe rivals, to articulate (in 1940) the equilibrium model as it has been used in countless intermediate microeconomics texts and classrooms for the half century since.
Volume (Year): 18 (1992)
Issue (Month): 2 (Spring)
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- Gaskins, Darius Jr., 1971. "Dynamic limit pricing: Optimal pricing under threat of entry," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 306-322, September.
- Gavin C. Reid, 1979. "Forchheimer on Partial Monopoly," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 11(2), pages 303-308, Summer.
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