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Evaluating optimal multi-hub networks in a deregulated aviation market with an application to Western Europe

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  • Adler, Nicole
  • Berechman, Joseph

Abstract

This paper develops, evaluates and ultimately aids in the choosing of an optimal, single allocation, hub-and-spoke network for an airline working in a deregulated market. An integer linear program evaluates potential hub network combinations, whose profits are then determined using a non-linear mathematical program. International gateway airports and regional hubs, profit, frequency and aircraft size are the decision variables. An adapted, conjugate-gradient projection algorithm is developed and the models are subsequently applied to Western Europe.

Suggested Citation

  • Adler, Nicole & Berechman, Joseph, 2001. "Evaluating optimal multi-hub networks in a deregulated aviation market with an application to Western Europe," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 373-390, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:35:y:2001:i:5:p:373-390
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Marianov, Vladimir & Serra, Daniel & ReVelle, Charles, 1999. "Location of hubs in a competitive environment," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 114(2), pages 363-371, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Nakagawa, Dai & Aoyama, Yoshitaka & Ito, Tadashi & Nishizawa, Hiroyuki, 2005. "Assessment of passenger benefits brought about by international airport projects," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 12(6), pages 512-524, November.
    2. José Ignacio Castillo Manzano & Fernando González Laxe & Lourdes López Valpuesta, 2006. "Una Introducción al Análisis del Tráfico de Contenedores mediante los Vectores Autoregresivos," Economic Analysis Working Papers (2002-2010). Atlantic Review of Economics (2011-2016), Colexio de Economistas de A Coruña, Spain and Fundación Una Galicia Moderna, vol. 5, pages 1-23, January.
    3. Aisling J. Reynolds-Feighan, 2007. "Carrier Network Structures and the Spatial Distribution of Air Traffic in the European Air Transport Market, 1996-2006," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, vol. 97(1), pages 243-243, January-F.
    4. Wang, Xiyan(Jamie), 2016. "1-Hub, 2-hub or fully connected network? A theoretical analysis of the optimality of airline network structure," Economics of Transportation, Elsevier, vol. 5(C), pages 12-23.
    5. Adler, Nicole & Hashai, Niron, 2005. "Effect of open skies in the Middle East region," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 878-894, December.
    6. Burghouwt, Guillaume, 2014. "Long-haul specialization patterns in European multihub airline networks – An exploratory analysis," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 30-41.
    7. Adler, Nicole & Smilowitz, Karen, 2007. "Hub-and-spoke network alliances and mergers: Price-location competition in the airline industry," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 394-409, May.
    8. Marti­n, Juan Carlos & Román, Concepción, 2003. "Hub location in the South-Atlantic airline market: A spatial competition game," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 37(10), pages 865-888, December.

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