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Air pollution and urban structure linkages: Evidence from European cities

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  • Cárdenas Rodríguez, Miguel
  • Dupont-Courtade, Laura
  • Oueslati, Walid

Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between local air pollution and urban structure with an emphasis on urban fragmentation. Using a unique dataset of 249 Large Urban Zones (LUZ) across Europe, a Bayesian Model Averaging model selection method is employed to identify the determinants of within-LUZ concentration of three air pollutants: NO2, PM10 and SO2. These are supplemented by several indices of land cover and a set of data on various economic, demographic and meteorological variables that might explain the variation of air pollution. The results of this econometric analysis support the hypothesis that urban structure has significant effects on pollution concentration. In particular, the results suggest that fragmented and highly constructed cities experience higher concentrations of NO2 and PM10 and that densely populated cities suffer from higher SO2 concentration. The findings suggest that policies favoring continuous urban areas may result in environmental improvements.

Suggested Citation

  • Cárdenas Rodríguez, Miguel & Dupont-Courtade, Laura & Oueslati, Walid, 2016. "Air pollution and urban structure linkages: Evidence from European cities," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 1-9.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:53:y:2016:i:c:p:1-9
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.07.190
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Igliński, Bartłomiej & Iglińska, Anna & Cichosz, Marcin & Kujawski, Wojciech & Buczkowski, Roman, 2016. "Renewable energy production in the Łódzkie Voivodeship. The PEST analysis of the RES in the voivodeship and in Poland," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 737-750.
    2. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:3:p:776-:d:135852 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Adewuyi, Adeolu O., 2016. "Effects of public and private expenditures on environmental pollution: A dynamic heterogeneous panel data analysis," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 489-506.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Urban sprawl; Air pollution; Fragmentation; Artificial area; Spatial planning; Bayesian Model Averaging;

    JEL classification:

    • Q52 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Pollution Control Adoption and Costs; Distributional Effects; Employment Effects
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy
    • R52 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Land Use and Other Regulations

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