IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/rensus/v21y2013icp712-727.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Carbon sequestration and the role of biological carbon mitigation: A review

Author

Listed:
  • Farrelly, Damien J.
  • Everard, Colm D.
  • Fagan, Colette C.
  • McDonnell, Kevin P.

Abstract

Climate change and rising atmospheric CO2 levels have become much debated environmental issues in recent years. Point source emissions of CO2 from industrialised processes such as power generation and cement production account for much of this increase. Direct carbon sequestration and storage techniques such as geological injection have large storage capacities, however these methods are very cost inefficient and have not been proved safe for long term sequestration. A novel approach to offsetting emissions is through direct biological carbon mitigation where CO2 from the flue gases of point sources is used to cultivate photosynthetic autotrophic organisms. The produced biomass can subsequently be converted into biofuels, bio-chemicals, food or animal feed. These useful by-products provide revenue to finance the carbon mitigation process. Large-scale cultivation of biological media on site at a power generation plant means that substantial amounts of biomass could be readily available for co-firing in the plant, thus decreasing the demand for fossil fuels. This review gives an overview of the most suitable strains of microalgae for the purpose of carbon mitigation while the challenges associated with carbon mitigation strategies such as capital costs, environmental issues, and cultivation of microalgae using flue gases will also be assessed. Selected media will be required to have a high CO2 fixing rate, a rapid growth rate, while being easily cultivated on a large scale in order to generate a large biomass yield and produce valuable by-products to offset the costs of carbon mitigation. An economic balance is also discussed to give an indication of the cost benefits in the implementation of biological carbon mitigation policies as a solution to the high capital and running costs of large scale microalgal production.

Suggested Citation

  • Farrelly, Damien J. & Everard, Colm D. & Fagan, Colette C. & McDonnell, Kevin P., 2013. "Carbon sequestration and the role of biological carbon mitigation: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 712-727.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:21:y:2013:i:c:p:712-727
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2012.12.038
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364032112007435
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Johannes Lehmann & John Gaunt & Marco Rondon, 2006. "Bio-char Sequestration in Terrestrial Ecosystems – A Review," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 11(2), pages 395-419, March.
    2. Smeets, Edward M.W. & Lewandowski, Iris M. & Faaij, André P.C., 2009. "The economical and environmental performance of miscanthus and switchgrass production and supply chains in a European setting," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(6-7), pages 1230-1245, August.
    3. Packer, Mike, 2009. "Algal capture of carbon dioxide; biomass generation as a tool for greenhouse gas mitigation with reference to New Zealand energy strategy and policy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 3428-3437, September.
    4. Newell, Richard G. & Jaffe, Adam B. & Stavins, Robert N., 2006. "The effects of economic and policy incentives on carbon mitigation technologies," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(5-6), pages 563-578, November.
    5. Singh, Jasvinder & Gu, Sai, 2010. "Commercialization potential of microalgae for biofuels production," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(9), pages 2596-2610, December.
    6. Hirano, Atsushi & Ueda, Ryohei & Hirayama, Shin & Ogushi, Yasuyuki, 1997. "CO2 fixation and ethanol production with microalgal photosynthesis and intracellular anaerobic fermentation," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 22(2), pages 137-142.
    7. Oh, Tick Hui, 2010. "Carbon capture and storage potential in coal-fired plant in Malaysia--A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(9), pages 2697-2709, December.
    8. Mata, Teresa M. & Martins, António A. & Caetano, Nidia. S., 2010. "Microalgae for biodiesel production and other applications: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 217-232, January.
    9. Lal, R., 2011. "Sequestering carbon in soils of agro-ecosystems," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(Supplemen), pages 33-39, January.
    10. Hadjipaschalis, Ioannis & Kourtis, George & Poullikkas, Andreas, 2009. "Assessment of oxyfuel power generation technologies," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(9), pages 2637-2644, December.
    11. Lal, R., 2011. "Sequestering carbon in soils of agro-ecosystems," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(S1), pages 33-39.
    12. Rajagopal, Deepak & Zilberman, David, 2007. "Review of environmental, economic and policy aspects of biofuels," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4341, The World Bank.
    13. Morgenstern, Richard D. & Ho, Mun & Shih, J.-S.Jhih-Shyang & Zhang, Xuehua, 2004. "The near-term impacts of carbon mitigation policies on manufacturing industries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(16), pages 1825-1841, November.
    14. Harun, Razif & Singh, Manjinder & Forde, Gareth M. & Danquah, Michael K., 2010. "Bioprocess engineering of microalgae to produce a variety of consumer products," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 1037-1047, April.
    15. Goyal, H.B. & Seal, Diptendu & Saxena, R.C., 2008. "Bio-fuels from thermochemical conversion of renewable resources: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 504-517, February.
    16. Kadam, K.L, 2002. "Environmental implications of power generation via coal-microalgae cofiring," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 27(10), pages 905-922.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:rensus:v:76:y:2017:i:c:p:1163-1175 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Mao, Guozhu & Zou, Hongyang & Chen, Guanyi & Du, Huibin & Zuo, Jian, 2015. "Past, current and future of biomass energy research: A bibliometric analysis," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 1823-1833.
    3. Zhou, Huairong & Qian, Yu & Yang, Siyu, 2015. "Energetic/economic penalty of CO2 emissions and application to coal-to-olefins projects in China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 156(C), pages 344-353.
    4. Barros, Ana I. & Gonçalves, Ana L. & Simões, Manuel & Pires, José C.M., 2015. "Harvesting techniques applied to microalgae: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 1489-1500.
    5. Rashid, Naim & Ur Rehman, Muhammad Saif & Sadiq, Madeha & Mahmood, Tariq & Han, Jong-In, 2014. "Current status, issues and developments in microalgae derived biodiesel production," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 760-778.
    6. repec:eee:rensus:v:82:y:2018:i:p3:p:3107-3126 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Carbon; Mitigation; CO2; Emissions; Microalgae; Sequestration;

    JEL classification:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:21:y:2013:i:c:p:712-727. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/600126/description#description .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.