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Positive externalities of domestic biogas initiatives: Implications for financing


  • Srinivasan, Sunderasan


Domestic biogas programs are often justified on the basis of the private benefits and costs accruing to the individual households, in terms of providing a superior cooking fuel, improved indoor air quality and saving of time spent on collecting firewood. This paper contends, however, that the economic surpluses from domestic biogas programs are realized beyond such narrowly defined project boundaries. The paper maintains that economic value addition from the consumptive use of the biogas for cooking and the non-consumptive and indirect value derived from the biogas plant providing feedstock for other processes and other such benefits as greenhouse gas mitigation (positive externalities) need to be accounted for. The process approach adopted by this paper would enable an integrated view of the value chain and consequently, a mechanism to reallocate costs and to distribute such surpluses.

Suggested Citation

  • Srinivasan, Sunderasan, 2008. "Positive externalities of domestic biogas initiatives: Implications for financing," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 12(5), pages 1476-1484, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:12:y:2008:i:5:p:1476-1484

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    Cited by:

    1. Yang, J. & Chen, B., 2014. "Extended exergy-based sustainability accounting of a household biogas project in rural China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 264-272.
    2. Singh, Renu & Shukla, Ashish & Tiwari, Sapna & Srivastava, Monika, 2014. "A review on delignification of lignocellulosic biomass for enhancement of ethanol production potential," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 713-728.
    3. Yaqoot, Mohammed & Diwan, Parag & Kandpal, Tara C., 2016. "Review of barriers to the dissemination of decentralized renewable energy systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 477-490.
    4. Rahman, Md. Mizanur & Hasan, Mohammad Mahmodul & Paatero, Jukka V. & Lahdelma, Risto, 2014. "Hybrid application of biogas and solar resources to fulfill household energy needs: A potentially viable option in rural areas of developing countries," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 35-45.
    5. Grima-Olmedo, C. & Ramírez-Gómez, Á. & Alcalde-Cartagena, R., 2014. "Energetic performance of landfill and digester biogas in a domestic cooker," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 134(C), pages 301-308.
    6. Khan, Ershad Ullah & Martin, Andrew R., 2015. "Optimization of hybrid renewable energy polygeneration system with membrane distillation for rural households in Bangladesh," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 93(P1), pages 1116-1127.
    7. Lixiao Zhang & Changbo Wang, 2014. "Energy and GHG Analysis of Rural Household Biogas Systems in China," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(2), pages 1-18, February.
    8. Okello, Collins & Pindozzi, Stefania & Faugno, Salvatore & Boccia, Lorenzo, 2013. "Development of bioenergy technologies in Uganda: A review of progress," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 55-63.
    9. Buysman, Eric & Mol, Arthur P.J., 2013. "Market-based biogas sector development in least developed countries —The case of Cambodia," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 44-51.
    10. Feng, Tingting & Cheng, Shengkui & Min, Qingwen & Li, Wei, 2009. "Productive use of bioenergy for rural household in ecological fragile area, Panam County, Tibet in China: The case of the residential biogas model," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(8), pages 2070-2078, October.


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