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Determinants of the Confucius Institute establishment

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  • Lien, Donald
  • Oh, Chang Hoon

Abstract

This paper investigates the determinants of the Confucius Institute (CI) establishment. It is shown that FDI, trade, geographical distance, developing country, and English speaking are important factors whereas GDP and population are marginally significant. Overall, CIs are under-represented in a non-English, distant, less wealthy developing country that trades infrequently with China. The results suggest that the CI network will have greater global impacts when new or more CIs are established in non-English speaking developing countries. However, potential mutual benefits between China and these under-representing countries should be preconditions in order to attract CIs in the countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Lien, Donald & Oh, Chang Hoon, 2014. "Determinants of the Confucius Institute establishment," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(3), pages 437-441.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:quaeco:v:54:y:2014:i:3:p:437-441
    DOI: 10.1016/j.qref.2014.02.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Akhtaruzzaman, Muhammad & Berg, Nathan & Lien, Donald, 2017. "Confucius Institutes and FDI flows from China to Africa," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 241-252.
    2. Wang, Hao & Han, Yonghui & Fidrmuc, Jan & Wei, Dongming, 2021. "Confucius Institute, Belt and Road Initiative, and Internationalization," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 237-256.
    3. Shanshan Ouyang & Yanxi Li, 2019. "Confucius Institute and the Completion of Chinese Cross-Border Acquisitions," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(18), pages 1-22, September.
    4. Liu, Min & Su, Cong & Wang, Fangfang & Huang, Liangxiong, 2020. "Chinese cross-border M&As in the “One Belt One Road” countries: The impact of Confucius Institutes," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 61(C).
    5. Omar Martin Fieles-Ahmad & Matthias Huber, 2021. "Learn German, Buy German? Language-learning opportunities abroad and exports," Jena Economic Research Papers 2021-008, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.

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