The political economy of urban transport-system choice
Ce travail Ã©tudie lâ€™Ã©conomie politique du choix dâ€™un systÃ¨me de transport et cherche Ã mettre en Ã©vidence les tensions Ã lâ€™Å“uvre dans le processus gouvernant cette importante dÃ©cision publique. Les diffÃ©rents types de transports prÃ©sentent un arbitrage continu entre les coÃ»ts temporels et monÃ©taires, de sorte quâ€™une ville peut choisir un systÃ¨me de transport rapide moyennant un coÃ»t de transport monÃ©taire par unitÃ© de distance Ã©levÃ©, ou bien un systÃ¨me de transport plus lent mais moins cher. Lâ€™article compare le systÃ¨me de transport socialement optimal au systÃ¨me rÃ©sultant dâ€™une procÃ©dure de vote Ã la majoritÃ©, en considÃ©rant Ã la fois des villes homogÃ¨nes et des villes hÃ©tÃ©rogÃ¨nes, ainsi que diffÃ©rentes rÃ©partitions de la propriÃ©tÃ© fonciÃ¨re. Lâ€™analyse met en Ã©vidence un biais de sous-investissement dans la qualitÃ© des transports dans les villes hÃ©tÃ©rogÃ¨nes.
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