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Risky lending, bank leverage and unconventional monetary policy

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  • Ferrante, Francesco

Abstract

A standard New Keynesian model is extended to include a rich financial system in which financially constrained banks lend to firms and homeowners via defaultable long-term loans. The model generates two endogenous components of interest rate spreads on mortgages and corporate loans: i) a default premium and ii) a liquidity premium. Financial shocks affecting these premiums can reproduce the behavior of several macroeconomic variables during the Great Recession, when we take into account the impact of the zero-lower-bound. The model is also used to quantify the effect of the Federal Reserve’s purchases of mortgage-backed securities during the last recession.

Suggested Citation

  • Ferrante, Francesco, 2019. "Risky lending, bank leverage and unconventional monetary policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 100-127.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:moneco:v:101:y:2019:i:c:p:100-127
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jmoneco.2018.07.014
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    Cited by:

    1. Yavuz Arslan & Bulent Guler & Burhan Kuruscu, 2020. "Credit Supply Driven Boom-Bust Cycles," Working Papers tecipa-664, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
    2. Cai, Zhifeng, 2021. "Secular stagnation, financial frictions, and land prices," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 124(C), pages 66-90.
    3. Kirstin Hubrich & Daniel F. Waggoner, 2022. "The Transmission of Financial Shocks and Leverage of Financial Institutions: An Endogenous Regime-Switching Framework," FRB Atlanta Working Paper 2022-5, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.
    4. Miguel Faria-e-Castro, 2019. "A Quantitative Analysis of Countercyclical Capital Buffers," Working Papers 2019-008, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, revised 01 Jan 2020.
    5. Ge, Xinyu & Li, Xiao-Lin & Li, Yong & Liu, Yan, 2022. "The driving forces of China's business cycles: Evidence from an estimated DSGE model with housing and banking," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 72(C).
    6. Mikkelsen, Jakob & Poeschl, Johannes, 2019. "Banking Panic Risk and Macroeconomic Uncertainty," MPRA Paper 94729, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Reiter, Michael & Zessner-Spitzenberg, Leopold, 2020. "Long-term bank lending and the transfer of aggregate risk," IHS Working Paper Series 13, Institute for Advanced Studies.
    8. Yvan Becard & David Gauthier, 2022. "Collateral Shocks," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 14(1), pages 83-103, January.
    9. Becard, Yvan & Gauthier, David, 2021. "Banks, shadow banks, and business cycles," Bank of England working papers 907, Bank of England.
    10. Francesco Ferrante & Nils Gornemann, 2022. "Devaluations, Deposit Dollarization, and Household Heterogeneity," International Finance Discussion Papers 1336, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    11. Martin Harding & Mathias Klein, 2022. "Monetary policy and household net worth," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 44, pages 125-151, April.
    12. Koetter, Michael, 2020. "Lending effects of the ECB’s asset purchases," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 39-52.
    13. Nurlan Turdaliev & Yahong Zhang, 2020. "Risky Mortgages and Bank Runs," Working Papers 2007, University of Windsor, Department of Economics, revised Oct 2020.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial frictions; Banking; Mortgages; Unconventional monetary policy; Zero lower bound;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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