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Non-compliance in organic farming: A cross-country comparison of Italy and Germany

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  • Gambelli, Danilo
  • Solfanelli, Francesco
  • Zanoli, Raffaele
  • Zorn, Alexander
  • Lippert, Christian
  • Dabbert, Stephan

Abstract

This paper describes the Italian and German organic certification systems, including the institutions involved and the definitions of non-compliance and sanctions. Although they are both implementations of the same EU regulatory framework, these systems differ in many respects. Case study data from control bodies on non-compliance and sanctions are presented and analysed using binary choice models. This analysis shows that the occurrence of slight non-compliance and greater farm acreage are significant risk factors that explain severe non-compliance in both countries. However, to implement an efficient risk-based inspection system in the future, the data collection process must be improved and extended to examine personal attributes of farmers and operators.

Suggested Citation

  • Gambelli, Danilo & Solfanelli, Francesco & Zanoli, Raffaele & Zorn, Alexander & Lippert, Christian & Dabbert, Stephan, 2014. "Non-compliance in organic farming: A cross-country comparison of Italy and Germany," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(P2), pages 449-458.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfpoli:v:49:y:2014:i:p2:p:449-458
    DOI: 10.1016/j.foodpol.2014.05.012
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Raffaele Zanoli & Danilo Gambelli & Francesco Solfanelli, 2014. "Assessing Risk Factors in the Organic Control System: Evidence from Inspection Data in Italy," Risk Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 34(12), pages 2174-2187, December.
    2. Dabbert, Stephan & Lippert, Christian & Zorn, Alexander, 2014. "Introduction to the special section on organic certification systems: Policy issues and research topics," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(P2), pages 425-428.
    3. Payne-Gifford, Sophie & Johnson, Kate & Mauchline, Alice & Gadanakis, Yiorgos & Girling, Laura & Mortimer, Simon, 2020. "Exploring attitudes to technology adoption for cross compliance in Greek and Lithuanian farmers," Land, Farm & Agribusiness Management Department 308133, Harper Adams University, Land, Farm & Agribusiness Management Department.
    4. Payne-Gifford, Sophie & Johnson, Kate & Mauchline, Alice & Gadanakis, Yiorgos & Girling, Laura & Mortimer, Simon, 2020. "Exploring attitudes to technology adoption for cross compliance in Greek and Lithuanian farmers," Agri-Tech Economics Papers 308133, Harper Adams University, Land, Farm & Agribusiness Management Department.

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