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Econometric analysis of noncompliance with organic farming standards in Switzerland

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  • Christian Lippert
  • Alexander Zorn
  • Stephan Dabbert

Abstract

Applying the economics of crime theory, we model the decision of an opportunistic and/or careless organic farmer and derive hypotheses to explain noncompliance. Where empirical data are available, hypotheses are tested. We use data for the years 2007 through 2009 of organic farms certified by Bio Suisse. Imposed sanctions are used as a proxy variable for noncompliance and farm characteristics as explanatory variables. Random effects logit models show that processing activities and livestock diversity significantly increase a farm's sanction probability. Past noncompliances also indicate a higher present sanction probability. Finally, we discuss some methodological issues and suggest a way to organize risk-based inspections more effectively.

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Lippert & Alexander Zorn & Stephan Dabbert, 2014. "Econometric analysis of noncompliance with organic farming standards in Switzerland," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 45(3), pages 313-325, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:agecon:v:45:y:2014:i:3:p:313-325
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/agec.12067
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    Cited by:

    1. Morgan, S. & Mason, N. & Shupp, R., 2018. "Stakeholder Comments, Contributions, and Compliance: Evidence from a Public Goods Experiment," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 277122, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Gambelli, Danilo & Solfanelli, Francesco & Zanoli, Raffaele & Zorn, Alexander & Lippert, Christian & Dabbert, Stephan, 2014. "Non-compliance in organic farming: A cross-country comparison of Italy and Germany," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(P2), pages 449-458.
    3. Peter D. Lunn & Seán Lyons & Martin Murphy, 2020. "Predicting farms’ noncompliance with regulations on nitrate pollution," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 63(13), pages 2313-2333, November.
    4. Morgan, Stephen N. & Mason, Nicole M. & Shupp, Robert S., 2016. "Do Open Comment Processes Increase Regulatory Compliance? Evidence from a Public Goods Experiment," 2016 Annual Meeting, July 31-August 2, Boston, Massachusetts 235719, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    5. Dabbert, Stephan & Lippert, Christian & Zorn, Alexander, 2014. "Introduction to the special section on organic certification systems: Policy issues and research topics," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(P2), pages 425-428.
    6. Zorn, Alexander & Lippert, Christian & Dabbert, Stephan, 2014. "Organic controls in Germany – is there a need to harmonize?," 2014 International Congress, August 26-29, 2014, Ljubljana, Slovenia 182837, European Association of Agricultural Economists.

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