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Banks as patient lenders: Evidence from a tax reform

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  • Carletti, Elena
  • De Marco, Filippo
  • Ioannidou, Vasso
  • Sette, Enrico

Abstract

We provide new evidence on how deposit funding affects bank lending. For identification, we exploit the 2011 reform of the investment income tax in Italy that induced households to substitute bank bonds with deposits. We find that banks with larger increases in deposits expand the supply of credit lines and long-term credit to low-risk firms. Additional evidence indicates that these results are consistent with theories emphasizing the demandable nature of the deposit contract rather than theories stressing the stability of deposit funding due to government guarantees. In this regard, we show that banks under stress face large runs on retail deposits, but not on retail bonds.

Suggested Citation

  • Carletti, Elena & De Marco, Filippo & Ioannidou, Vasso & Sette, Enrico, 2021. "Banks as patient lenders: Evidence from a tax reform," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 141(1), pages 6-26.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:141:y:2021:i:1:p:6-26
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jfineco.2020.07.021
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    Cited by:

    1. Chavaz, Matthieu & Elliott, David, 2020. "Separating retail and investment banking: evidence from the UK," Bank of England working papers 892, Bank of England, revised 18 Feb 2021.
    2. Pietrovito, Filomena & Pozzolo, Alberto Franco, 2022. "Did small banks trade-off lending with government bond purchases during the Sovereign debt crisis?," Economics & Statistics Discussion Papers esdp22083, University of Molise, Department of Economics.
    3. Barbieri, Claudio & Couaillier, Cyril & Perales, Cristian & Rodriguez d’Acri, Costanza, 2022. "Informing macroprudential policy choices using credit supply and demand decompositions," Working Paper Series 2702, European Central Bank.
    4. Perazzi, Elena, 2019. "On the Special Role of Deposits for Long-Term Lending," MPRA Paper 96716, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. H. Evren Damar & Reint Gropp & Adi Mordel, 2019. "Flight from Safety: How a Change to the Deposit Insurance Limit Affects Households’ Portfolio Allocation," Staff Working Papers 19-29, Bank of Canada.
    6. Gambacorta, Leonardo & Ricotti, Giacomo & Sundaresan, Suresh & Wang, Zhenyu, 2021. "Tax effects on bank liability structure," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 138(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Banks; Deposits; Maturity; Risk-taking; Government guarantee;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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