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Multinational banks in the crisis: Foreign affiliate lending as a mirror of funding pressure and competition on the internal capital market

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  • Frey, Rainer
  • Kerl, Cornelia

Abstract

We investigate how the lending activities abroad of a multinational bank’s local and hub affiliates have been affected by funding difficulties during the financial crisis. We find that affiliates’ local deposits and performance have been stabilizing loan supply. By contrast, relying on short-term wholesale funding has increasingly proven to be a disadvantage in the crisis, which has seen inter-bank and capital markets freeze. By introducing a liable approximate measure for intra-bank flows, we detect competition for intra-bank funding between the affiliates abroad as well as an increasing focus on the parent bank’s home market activities. In addition, the more an affiliate abroad relies on intra-bank funding in the crisis, the greater its dependence on its parent bank having a stable deposit and long-term wholesale funding position. We consider changes in long-term lending to the private sectors of 40 countries by the affiliates of the 68 largest German banks. To obtain a more precise picture, we clean our lending data from valuation effects.

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  • Frey, Rainer & Kerl, Cornelia, 2015. "Multinational banks in the crisis: Foreign affiliate lending as a mirror of funding pressure and competition on the internal capital market," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 52-68.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:50:y:2015:i:c:p:52-68
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2014.06.005
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Claudia Buch & Catherine Koch & Michael Koetter, 2016. "Crises and rescues: liquidity transmission through international banks," BIS Working Papers 576, Bank for International Settlements.
    2. Christine Brown & Viet Do & Oscar Trevarthen, 2017. "Liquidity shock management: Lessons from Australian banks," Australian Journal of Management, Australian School of Business, vol. 42(4), pages 637-652, November.
    3. Jana Ohls & Marcus Pramor & Lena Tonzer, 2017. "International Banking and Cross-Border Effects of Regulation: Lessons from Germany," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(2), pages 129-162, March.
    4. Lindner, Peter & Loeffler, Axel & Segalla, Esther & Valitova, Guzel & Vogel, Ursula, 2019. "International monetary policy spillovers through the bank funding channel," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 161-174.
    5. Dinger, Valeriya & te Kaat, Daniel Marcel, 2020. "Cross-border capital flows and bank risk-taking," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 117(C).
    6. Pelletier, Adeline, 2018. "Internal capital market practices of multinational banks evidence from south africa," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 131-145.
    7. Galema, R. & Koetter, M., 2018. "Big fish in small banking ponds? Cost advantage and foreign affiliate presence," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 138-158.
    8. Frey, Rainer, 2016. "Multinational banks’ deleveraging in the Global Financial Crisis," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 37, pages 90-113.
    9. Kick, Thomas & Koetter, Michael & Storz, Manuela, 2020. "Cross-border transmission of emergency liquidity," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 113(C).
    10. Ashraf, Badar Nadeem & Arshad, Sidra, 2017. "Foreign bank subsidiaries’ risk-taking behavior: Impact of home and host country national culture," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 318-335.
    11. Frey, Rainer, 2015. "Multinational banks' deleveraging in the crisis driven by pre-crisis characteristics and behavior," Discussion Papers 18/2015, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    12. Müting, Miriam, 2020. "Multinational lending retrenchment after the global financial crisis: The impact of policy interventions," Discussion Papers in Economics 72612, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    13. Rainer Frey & Cornelia Kerl & Alexander Lipponer, 2018. "Withdrawal from Foreign Lending in the Financial Crisis by Parent Banks and Their Branches and Subsidiaries: Supply Versus Demand Effects," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 54(1), pages 1-48, August.
    14. Becker, Chris & Ossandon Busch, Matias & Tonzer, Lena, 2020. "Macroprudential policy and intra-group dynamics: The effects of reserve requirements in Brazil," IWH Discussion Papers 21/2017, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    15. Cornelia Kerl & Friederike Niepmann, 2014. "What determines the composition of international bank flows?," Staff Reports 681, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    16. Dincer, Hasan & Hacioglu, Umit & Tatoglu, Ekrem & Delen, Dursun, 2019. "Developing a hybrid analytics approach to measure the efficiency of deposit banks," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 131-145.
    17. Zhang, Longyao & Hsu, Sara & Xu, Zhong & Cheng, Enjiang, 2020. "Responding to financial crisis: Bank credit expansion with Chinese characteristics," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 61(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Multinational banks; Affiliates; Funding structure; Internal capital market; Intra-bank lending; Wholesale funding; Financial crisis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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