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The great entanglement: The contagious capacity of the international banking network just before the 2008 crisis

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  • Garratt, Rodney J.
  • Mahadeva, Lavan
  • Svirydzenka, Katsiaryna

Abstract

Systemic risk among the network of international banking groups arises when financial stress threatens to crisscross many national boundaries and expose imperfect international coordination. To assess this risk, we consider three decades of data on the cross-border interbank market. We use Rosvall and Bergstrom’s (2008) information theoretic map equation to partition banking groups from 21 countries into modules that reveal the contagious capacity of the network. We show that in the late 1980s four important financial centers formed one large super cluster that was highly contagious in terms of transmission of stress within its ranks, but less contagious on a global scale. But the expansion leading to the 2008 crisis left more transmitting hubs sharing the same total influence as a few large modules had previously. We show that this greater entanglement meant the network was more broadly contagious, and not that risk was more shared. Thus, our analysis contributes to our understanding as to why defaults in US sub-prime mortgages spread quickly through the global financial system.

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  • Garratt, Rodney J. & Mahadeva, Lavan & Svirydzenka, Katsiaryna, 2014. "The great entanglement: The contagious capacity of the international banking network just before the 2008 crisis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 367-385.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:49:y:2014:i:c:p:367-385
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2013.12.025
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    Cited by:

    1. Paltalidis, Nikos & Gounopoulos, Dimitrios & Kizys, Renatas & Koutelidakis, Yiannis, 2015. "Transmission channels of systemic risk and contagion in the European financial network," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(S1), pages 36-52.
    2. Agur, Itai, 2014. "Bank risk within and across equilibria," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 322-333.
    3. Arribas, Iván & Peiró-Palomino, Jesús & Tortosa-Ausina, Emili, 2020. "Is full banking integration desirable?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 112(C).
    4. Han, I & Liang, Hsin-Yu & Chan, Kam C., 2016. "Locational concentration and institutional diversification: Evidence from foreign direct investments in the banking industry," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 185-199.
    5. Hüser, Anne-Caroline, 2016. "Too interconnected to fail: A survey of the Interbank Networks literature," SAFE Working Paper Series 91, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
    6. Bing Chen & Li Li & Fei Peng & Ruhul Salim, 2020. "Risk contagion in the cross‐border banking network: Some new evidence," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 25(3), pages 475-495, July.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Systemic risk; Interconnectedness; Network analysis; Information theory;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance

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