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Does regulation substitute or complement governance?

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  • Becher, David A.
  • Frye, Melissa B.

Abstract

We examine whether firms utilize governance systems and increased monitoring mechanisms when information asymmetry and managerial discretion are limited. Given that such monitoring is costly, we expect regulated firms to use less monitoring if regulation substitutes for governance. Using data from initial public offerings, we document that regulated firms have greater proportions of monitoring directors and larger boards as well as use similar amounts of equity-based compensation as non-regulated firms. Further, regulated and unregulated firms are analogous in terms of observed trade-offs between traditional monitoring mechanisms and insider ownership. Finally, regulated firms appear to decrease monitoring following a period of deregulation. These findings support the hypothesis that regulation and governance are complements and are consistent with the notion that regulators pressure firms to adopt effective monitoring structures.

Suggested Citation

  • Becher, David A. & Frye, Melissa B., 2011. "Does regulation substitute or complement governance?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 736-751, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:35:y:2011:i:3:p:736-751
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    Cited by:

    1. Benjamin S. Kay & Cindy M. Vojtech, 2015. "Corporate Governance Responses to Director Rule Changes," Staff Discussion Papers 15-02, Office of Financial Research, US Department of the Treasury.
    2. Liang, Hsin-Yu & Chen, I-Ju & Chen, Sheng-Syan, 2016. "Does corporate governance mitigate bank diversification discount?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 129-143.
    3. Melanie de Waal & Floor Rink & Janka Stoker, 2015. "How internal and external supervisors influence employees' self-serving decisions," DNB Working Papers 464, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    4. Amedeo Pugliese, 2014. "Alessandro Zattoni and William Judge (eds): IPOs around the world: a review of Corporate Governance and Initial Public Offerings—An International Perspective," Journal of Management & Governance, Springer;Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (AIDEA), vol. 18(4), pages 1161-1168, November.
    5. Carlo Cambini & Sara De Masi & Laura Rondi, 2013. "Incentive Compensation and Incentive Regulation: Empirical Evidence," IEFE Working Papers 58, IEFE, Center for Research on Energy and Environmental Economics and Policy, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
    6. Nogata, Daisuke & Uchida, Konari & Goto, Naohisa, 2011. "Is corporate governance important for regulated firms' shareholders?: Evidence from Japanese mergers and acquisitions," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 46-68, January.
    7. Pugliese, Amedeo & Minichilli, Alessandro & Zattoni, Alessandro, 2014. "Integrating agency and resource dependence theory: Firm profitability, industry regulation, and board task performance," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 67(6), pages 1189-1200.
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    9. Boone, Audra L. & Mulherin, J. Harold, 2017. "Who monitors the monitor? The use of special committees by target firms in corporate takeovers," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 388-404.
    10. Fang, Junxiong & Shi, Haina & Xu, Haoping, 2012. "The determinants and consequences of IPOs in a regulated economy: Evidence from China," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 22(4), pages 131-150.
    11. García-Sánchez, Isabel-María & García-Meca, Emma & Cuadrado-Ballesteros, Beatriz, 2017. "Do financial experts on audit committees matter for bank insolvency risk-taking? The monitoring role of bank regulation and ethical policy," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 52-66.
    12. He, Ping & Ma, Lin & Wang, Kun & Xiao, Xing, 2019. "IPO pricing deregulation and corporate governance: Theory and evidence from Chinese public firms," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 1-1.
    13. Dziri Houda & Jarboui Anis, 2017. "The venture capitalist’s cognitive approach: Validation through the Tunisian context," Cogent Economics & Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(1), pages 1323371-132, January.
    14. Chahine, Salim & Goergen, Marc, 2013. "The effects of management-board ties on IPO performance," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 153-179.
    15. Shen, Chung-Hua & Lin, Chih-Yung & Wang, Yu-Chun, 2015. "Do strong corporate governance firms still require political connection, and vice versa?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 107-120.
    16. Loukil, Nadia & Yousfi, Ouidad, 2010. "Does corporate governance affect stock liquidity in the Tunisian Stock Market?," MPRA Paper 28697, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Feb 2011.
    17. Susanne Hügel & Markus Kreutzer & Nico B. Rottke, 2019. "Firm Innovativeness In Service Industries: A Construct Validation In The External Environment And Industry Structure Contexts," International Journal of Innovation Management (ijim), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 23(06), pages 1-57, August.
    18. García-Meca, Emma & García-Sánchez, Isabel-María & Martínez-Ferrero, Jennifer, 2015. "Board diversity and its effects on bank performance: An international analysis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 202-214.
    19. Tsai, Jeng-Yan & Lin, Jyh-Horng, 2012. "A contingent claim analysis of sunflower management under board monitoring and capital regulation," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 1-9.
    20. Lerong He & Rong Yang, 2014. "Does Industry Regulation Matter? New Evidence on Audit Committees and Earnings Management," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 123(4), pages 573-589, September.

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