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The conditional nature of the value of corporate governance

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  • Chi, Jianxin Daniel
  • Scott Lee, D.

Abstract

Agency theory suggests that governance matters more among firms with greater potential agency costs. Rational investors are unlikely to value safeguards against unlikely events. Yet, few studies of the relation between governance and firm value control for investor perceptions of the likelihood of agency conflicts. Shleifer and Vishny [Shleifer, A., Vishny, R.W., 1997. A survey of corporate governance. Journal of Finance 52, 737-783] identify investment-related agency conflicts as the more severe type of agency conflicts in the US. We measure the perceived likelihood of this type of agency conflict using free cash flow (Jensen, M.C., 1986. Agency costs of free cash flow, corporate finance, and takeovers. American Economic Review 76, 323-329). We find that firm value is an increasing function of improved governance quality among firms with high free cash flow. In contrast, governance benefits are lower or insignificant among firms with low free cash flow. We show that not controlling for this conditional relation between governance and firm value could lead to erroneous conclusions that governance and firm value are unrelated.

Suggested Citation

  • Chi, Jianxin Daniel & Scott Lee, D., 2010. "The conditional nature of the value of corporate governance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 350-361, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:34:y:2010:i:2:p:350-361
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    Cited by:

    1. Farzad Karimi & Masoud Foladi & Nasim Shirazi, 2014. "The Effect of Surplus Free Cash Flow on the Relationship between the Board Structure and Earnings Quality of Companies Listed on Tehran Stock Exchange," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 4(3), pages 28-35, July.
    2. António Pedro Soares Pinto & Mário Gomes Augusto & Pedro M. Gama, 2010. "Bank Relationships And Corporate Governance: A Survey Of The Literature From The Perspective Of Smes," Portuguese Journal of Management Studies, ISEG, Universidade de Lisboa, vol. 0(1), pages 65-85.
    3. Jimmy A. Saravia, 2013. "The lifecycle of the firm, corporate governance and investment performance," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO CIEF 010927, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT.
    4. Ahn, Seoungpil & Jiraporn, Pornsit & Kim, Young Sang, 2010. "Multiple directorships and acquirer returns," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(9), pages 2011-2026, September.
    5. Hashem Valipour & Javad Moradi & Ladan Zare, 2012. "Examining the Effects of Non-Bound Board members and Ownership Structure as Corporate governance Mechanisms on Firm Value," International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Accounting, Finance and Management Sciences, vol. 2(2), pages 55-68, April.
    6. Sue-Fung Wang & Yow-Jen Jou & Ke-Chiun Chang & Kun-Wei Wu, 2014. "Industry Competition, Agency Problem, and Firm Performance," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(4), pages 76-93, December.
    7. repec:eee:pacfin:v:43:y:2017:i:c:p:238-255 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Ahn, Seoungpil & Shrestha, Keshab, 2013. "The differential effects of classified boards on firm value," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 3993-4013.
    9. repec:eee:mulfin:v:40:y:2017:i:c:p:33-46 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Xiao, Gang, 2013. "Legal shareholder protection and corporate R&D investment," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 240-266.
    11. Owen P. Hall Jr. & Kenneth Ko, 2014. "Determinates of Executive Compensation: A Hierarchical Linear Modeling Approach," International Journal of Knowledge-Based Organizations (IJKBO), IGI Global, vol. 4(2), pages 53-63, April.
    12. repec:spr:fininn:v:1:y:2015:i:1:d:10.1186_s40854-015-0013-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Jimmy A. Saravia & Silvia Saravia-Matus, 2015. "The problem of causality in corporate governance research: The case of governance indexes and firm valuation," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO CIEF 012451, UNIVERSIDAD EAFIT.
    14. Stockmans, Annelies & Lybaert, Nadine & Voordeckers, Wim, 2013. "The conditional nature of board characteristics in constraining earnings management in private family firms," Journal of Family Business Strategy, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 84-92.
    15. Pathan, Shams & Skully, Michael, 2010. "Endogenously structured boards of directors in banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 1590-1606, July.

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