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Overvaluation and earnings management

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  • Chi, Jianxin (Daniel)
  • Gupta, Manu

Abstract

Consistent with Jensen's [Jensen, M., 2005. Agency costs of overvalued equity. Financial Management 34, 5-19] agency-costs-of-overvalued-equity prediction, we find that overvaluation is statistically and economically related to subsequent income-increasing earnings management. This relation is robust to a series of tests that address potential endogeneity concerns, including omitted variable bias and reverse causality. The agency costs of overvalued equity are substantial. Overvaluation-induced income-increasing earnings management is negatively related to future abnormal stock returns and operating performance, and this negative relation becomes more pronounced as prior overvaluation intensifies. Among the most overvalued firms, those with high discretionary accruals underperform those with low discretionary accruals during the following year by 11.88% as measured by the three-factor alphas, and by 12.87% points as measured by industry-adjusted unmanaged EBITDA-to-assets ratio.

Suggested Citation

  • Chi, Jianxin (Daniel) & Gupta, Manu, 2009. "Overvaluation and earnings management," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(9), pages 1652-1663, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:33:y:2009:i:9:p:1652-1663
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    2. Kraft, Anastasia & Lee, Bong Soo & Lopatta, Kerstin, 2014. "Management earnings forecasts, insider trading, and information asymmetry," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 96-123.
    3. Chiu, Yung-Chin & Liang, Woan-lih, 2015. "Do firms manipulate earnings before accelerated share repurchases?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 86-95.
    4. Zhu, Tingting & Lu, Meiting & Shan, Yaowen & Zhang, Yuanlong, 2015. "Accrual-based and real activity earnings management at the back door: Evidence from Chinese reverse mergers," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 35(PA), pages 317-339.
    5. Han, Jianlei & Pan, Zheyao & Zhang, Guangli, 2017. "Divergence of opinion and long-run performance of private placements: evidence from the auction market," Working Papers 2017-09, University of Tasmania, Tasmanian School of Business and Economics.
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    7. Ching-Chieh Tsai & Chi-Cheng Wu & Ruey-Dang Chang, 2012. "Effects of Overvalued Equity and Managerial Incentives on Corporate Policy," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(0), pages 74-87, January.
    8. repec:bbz:fcpbbr:v:10:y:2013:i:4:p:110-132 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Gaganis, Chrysovalantis & Hasan, Iftekhar & Pasiouras, Fotios, 2016. "Regulations, institutions and income smoothing by managing technical reserves: International evidence from the insurance industry," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 59(PA), pages 113-129.
    10. Hu, Shing-yang & Lin, Yueh-Hsiang & Lai, Christine W., 2016. "The effect of overvaluation on investment and accruals: The role of information," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(PA), pages 181-201.
    11. Chi, Jing & Yang, Jingjing & Young, Martin, 2014. "Mutual funds’ holdings and listed firms’ earnings management: Evidence from China," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 62-78.
    12. Habib, Ahsan & Hasan, Mostafa Monzur, 2017. "Business strategy, overvalued equities, and stock price crash risk," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(PA), pages 389-405.
    13. Grundy, Bruce D. & Li, Hui, 2010. "Investor sentiment, executive compensation, and corporate investment," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(10), pages 2439-2449, October.
    14. Pelucio-Grecco, Marta Cristina & Geron, Cecília Moraes Santostaso & Grecco, Gerson Begas & Lima, João Paulo Cavalcante, 2014. "The effect of IFRS on earnings management in Brazilian non-financial public companies," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 42-66.
    15. Houdou Basse Mama & Rachidi Kotchoni, 2017. "Investor Relations' Quality and Mispricing," EconomiX Working Papers 2017-33, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    16. Farrell, Kathleen & Unlu, Emre & Yu, Jin, 2014. "Stock repurchases as an earnings management mechanism: The impact of financing constraints," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 1-15.
    17. Chiou, Chyi-Lun & Shu, Pei-Gi, 2017. "Overvaluation and the cost of bank debt," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 235-254.
    18. Chi, Jianxin Daniel & Scott Lee, D., 2010. "The conditional nature of the value of corporate governance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 350-361, February.
    19. Ching-Chieh Tsai & Chi-Cheng Wu & Ruey-Dang Chang, 2012. "Effects of Overvalued Equity and Managerial Incentives on Corporate Policy," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(0), pages 74-87, January.

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