Strategic responses to institutional changes: 'Indigenous growth' model of the Indian pharmaceutical industry
This paper examines the strategic response of the Indian pharmaceutical industry to the dual institutional changes arising from economic liberalization of the Indian economy and the WTO mandated intellectual property regime. An analysis of the relative position and growth of Indian firms vis-à-vis foreign multinationals, changes in the resources and capabilities of these firms, and scope in terms of product market internationalization and overseas acquisitions during the 1995-2005 period, suggests an 'indigenous growth' model in the Indian pharmaceutical industry which is in contrast to the FDI initiated growth witnessed through full or partial privatization of state-owned firms in other geographical contexts. Second, internationalization of both inputs and product markets has been the dominant mode to overcome the pressures arising from institutional changes. We discuss the drivers of this model and provide implications for future research on strategic responses to institutional changes within other industries in India as well as for comparative research across different political and institutional settings.
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Volume (Year): 14 (2008)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
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