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Market reaction to the merger announcements of US banks: A non-parametric X-efficiency framework

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  • Al-Khasawneh, Jamal Ali
  • Essaddam, Naceur

Abstract

This paper investigates the short-term market reaction of nine profit-efficiency, pre-classified merger deals of US banks over the time period from 1992 to 2003. The findings show that mergers combining low efficiency acquirers and targets create significant market returns following the merger event, while mergers combining the least efficient acquirers with moderately efficient targets diminish the acquirer's wealth more than any other type of merger. Furthermore, findings show that acquirers generally lose about 2.5% of their wealth upon the merger announcement while targets experience, on average, significant market returns of 15.5% following the merger announcement.

Suggested Citation

  • Al-Khasawneh, Jamal Ali & Essaddam, Naceur, 2012. "Market reaction to the merger announcements of US banks: A non-parametric X-efficiency framework," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 167-183.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:glofin:v:23:y:2012:i:3:p:167-183
    DOI: 10.1016/j.gfj.2012.10.003
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    Cited by:

    1. B Rajesh Kumar & Sourabh Gera & Srijit Saha, 2016. "Wealth Creation in the Largest Banking Mergers- An Empirical Analysis," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 6(4), pages 206-217, April.
    2. Gregory McKee & Albert Kagan, 2016. "Determinants of recent structural change for small asset U.S. credit unions," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 775-795, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Market reaction; Bank mergers; X-efficiency; Data envelopment analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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