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Equilibria in first price auctions with participation costs

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  • Cao, Xiaoyong
  • Tian, Guoqiang

Abstract

This paper characterizes the equilibria of first price auctions with participation costs in the independent private values environment. Bidders use cutoff strategies to decide whether they will participate in the auction. It is shown that, when bidders are homogeneous, there always exists a unique symmetric equilibrium, and further, there is no other equilibrium when valuation distribution functions are inelastic. When distribution functions are elastic at the symmetric equilibrium, there exists an asymmetric equilibrium. Inelasticity/elasticity includes concavity/convexity of distribution functions as a special case. We find similar results when bidders are heterogeneous.

Suggested Citation

  • Cao, Xiaoyong & Tian, Guoqiang, 2010. "Equilibria in first price auctions with participation costs," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 69(2), pages 258-273, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:gamebe:v:69:y:2010:i:2:p:258-273
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jinhyuk Lee & Jaeok Park, 2016. "Second-price auctions with sequential and costly participation," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 62(3), pages 567-586, August.
    2. Li, Daniel Z., 2017. "Ranking equilibrium competition in auctions with participation costs," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 153(C), pages 47-50.
    3. repec:eee:jeeman:v:85:y:2017:i:c:p:130-145 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Lorentziadis, Panos L., 2016. "Optimal bidding in auctions from a game theory perspective," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 248(2), pages 347-371.
    5. Xu, Xiaoshu & Levin, Dan & Ye, Lixin, 2013. "Auctions with entry and resale," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 92-105.
    6. Yumiko Baba, "undated". "A Note On Dutch Auctions With Time Credits," Working Papers e53, Tokyo Center for Economic Research.
    7. Xiaoyong Cao & Guofu Tan & Guoqiang Tian & Okan Yilankaya, 2014. "Equilibria in Second Price Auctions with Private Participation Costs," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 1421, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.
    8. Xiaoyong Cao & Guoqiang Tian, 2013. "Second-Price Auctions with Different Participation Costs," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(1), pages 184-205, March.

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