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Stock prices and geographic proximity of information: Evidence from the Ebola outbreak

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  • Ichev, Riste
  • Marinč, Matej

Abstract

Behavioral finance studies reveal that investor sentiment affects investment decisions and may therefore affect stock pricing. This paper examines whether the geographic proximity of information disseminated by the 2014–2016 Ebola outbreak events combined with intense media coverage affected stock prices in the U.S. We find that the Ebola outbreak event effect is the strongest for the stocks of companies with exposure of their operations to the West African countries (WAC) and the U.S. and for the events located in the WAC and the U.S. This result suggests that the information about Ebola outbreak events is more relevant for companies that are geographically closer to both the birthplace of the Ebola outbreak events and the financial markets. The results also show that the effect is more pronounced for small and more volatile stocks, stocks of specific industry, and for the stocks exposed to the intense media coverage. The event effect is also followed by the elevated perceived risk; that is, the implied volatility increases after the Ebola outbreak events.

Suggested Citation

  • Ichev, Riste & Marinč, Matej, 2018. "Stock prices and geographic proximity of information: Evidence from the Ebola outbreak," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 153-166.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:finana:v:56:y:2018:i:c:p:153-166
    DOI: 10.1016/j.irfa.2017.12.004
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    2. Al-Awadhi, Abdullah M. & Alsaifi, Khaled & Al-Awadhi, Ahmad & Alhammadi, Salah, 2020. "Death and contagious infectious diseases: Impact of the COVID-19 virus on stock market returns," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C).
    3. Baek, Seungho & Mohanty, Sunil K. & Glambosky, Mina, 2020. "COVID-19 and stock market volatility: An industry level analysis," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 37(C).
    4. Ezekiel Alade, Muyiwa & Amos Adeusi, Sunday & Oluwatoyin Alade, Fisayo, 2020. "Covid-19 Pandemic And Nigerian Stock Market Capitalisation," Ilorin Journal of Economic Policy, Department of Economics, University of Ilorin, vol. 7(3), pages 12-23, June.
    5. Sherif, Mohamed, 2020. "The impact of Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak on faith-based investments: An original analysis," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(C).
    6. Marko Jakšič & Matej Marinč, 2019. "Relationship banking and information technology: the role of artificial intelligence and FinTech," Risk Management, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 21(1), pages 1-18, March.
    7. Ahmad Bash, 2020. "International Evidence of COVID-19 and Stock Market Returns: An Event Study Analysis," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 10(4), pages 34-38.
    8. Sinha, Pankaj & Sawaliya, Priya & Sinha, Prateek, 2020. "Surviving Coronavirus scare: A journey of stock market amid a slowdown in Indian Economy," MPRA Paper 103902, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 20 Jun 2020.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ebola outbreak; Investor sentiment;

    JEL classification:

    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading

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