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The relationship between CO2 emissions and economic growth: The case of Korea with nonlinear evidence

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  • Kim, Sei-wan
  • Lee, Kihoon
  • Nam, Kiseok

Abstract

Using STAR models, we investigate the nonlinear dynamic properties and the interdependence of CO2 emissions and economic growth for Korea. The estimation results indicate that the growth rate of both CO2 emissions and industrial production exhibit a significant nonlinear asymmetric dynamics. While the linear Granger causality test finds no causality in any direction, the results of the nonlinear Granger causality tests show a two-way causality between CO2 emissions and economic growth. The strong mutual causation between CO2 emissions and economic activities indicates that the economic impact from CO2 mitigation is expected to be higher in Korea. This suggests that the appropriate energy and environmental policy be to mitigate CO2 emissions while having less impact on the economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Kim, Sei-wan & Lee, Kihoon & Nam, Kiseok, 2010. "The relationship between CO2 emissions and economic growth: The case of Korea with nonlinear evidence," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(10), pages 5938-5946, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:10:p:5938-5946
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    Cited by:

    1. Fujii, Hidemichi & Managi, Shunsuke, 2013. "Which industry is greener? An empirical study of nine industries in OECD countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 381-388.
    2. Alam & Paramati, 2015. "Do oil consumption and economic growth intensify environmental degradation? Evidence from developing economies," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(48), pages 5186-5203, October.
    3. Nuno Carlos Leitão, 2014. "Economic Growth, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, Renewable Energy and Globalization," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 4(3), pages 391-399.
    4. Nazlioglu, Saban, 2011. "World oil and agricultural commodity prices: Evidence from nonlinear causality," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 2935-2943, May.
    5. Barbara Annicchiarico & Anna Rita Bennato & Emilio Zanetti Chini, 2014. "150 Years of Italian CO2 Emissions and Economic Growth," CREATES Research Papers 2014-02, Department of Economics and Business Economics, Aarhus University.
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    8. Park, JaeHyun & Hong, TaeHoon, 2013. "Analysis of South Korea’s economic growth, carbon dioxide emission, and energy consumption using the Markov switching model," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 543-551.
    9. Mesut Balýbey, 2015. "Relationships among CO2 Emissions, Economic Growth and Foreign Direct Investment and the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis in Turkey," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 5(4), pages 1042-1049.
    10. OZKAN, Filiz & OZKAN, Omer, 2012. "An Analysis Of Co2 Emissions Of Turkish Industries And Energy Sector," Regional and Sectoral Economic Studies, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 12(2).
    11. Hongfeng Peng & Xiaoyu Tan & Yanli Li & Liqin Hu, 2016. "Economic Growth, Foreign Direct Investment and CO 2 Emissions in China: A Panel Granger Causality Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(3), pages 1-13, March.
    12. Chung, Yeimin & Heshmati, Almas, 2013. "Measurement of Environmentally Sensitive Productivity Growth in Korean Industries," IZA Discussion Papers 7235, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    13. Tian, Lixin & Jin, Rulei, 2012. "Theoretical exploration of carbon emissions dynamic evolutionary system and evolutionary scenario analysis," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 376-386.
    14. Serap Bedir & Vildan Merve Yilmaz, 2016. "CO2 emissions and human development in OECD countries: granger causality analysis with a panel data approach," Eurasian Economic Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 6(1), pages 97-110, April.
    15. Jammazi, Rania & Aloui, Chaker, 2015. "On the interplay between energy consumption, economic growth and CO2 emission nexus in the GCC countries: A comparative analysis through wavelet approaches," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 1737-1751.
    16. Al-mulali, Usama, 2011. "Oil consumption, CO2 emission and economic growth in MENA countries," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 6165-6171.
    17. Kebede, Shemelis, 2017. "Modeling Energy Consumption, CO2 Emissions and Economic Growth Nexus in Ethiopia: Evidence from ARDL Approach to Cointegration and Causality Analysis," MPRA Paper 83000, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    Keywords

    CO2 emissions Economic growth STAR model;

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