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The role of bioenergy in the UK's energy future formulation and modelling of long-term UK bioenergy scenarios


  • Jablonski, Sophie
  • Strachan, Neil
  • Brand, Christian
  • Bauen, Ausilio


This paper explores the prospects and policy implications for bioenergy to contribute to a long-term sustainable UK energy system. The UK MARKAL technology-focused energy systems dynamic cost optimisation model--which has been used to quantify the costs and benefits of alternative energy strategies in UK policy making--is enhanced with detailed representation of bio-energy chains and end-uses. This provides an important advance in linking bioenergy expert-knowledge with a whole system modelling approach, in order to better understand the potential role of bioenergy in an evolving energy system. The new BIOSYS-MARKAL model is used to run four scenarios constructed along the pillars of UK energy policy objectives (low carbon and energy security). The results are analysed in terms of bioenergy resources use and bioenergy pathways penetration in different end use sectors. The main findings suggest that the complexity of different bioenergy pathways may have been overlooked in previous modelling exercises. A range of bioenergy pathways--notably bio-heat and biofuels for transport--may have a much wider potential role to play. The extent to which this potential is fulfilled will be further determined by resources availability, and market segment constraints, as well as policy measures to improve deployment.

Suggested Citation

  • Jablonski, Sophie & Strachan, Neil & Brand, Christian & Bauen, Ausilio, 2010. "The role of bioenergy in the UK's energy future formulation and modelling of long-term UK bioenergy scenarios," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(10), pages 5799-5816, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:10:p:5799-5816

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sarica, Kemal & Tyner, Wallace E., 2013. "Analysis of US renewable fuels policies using a modified MARKAL model," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 701-709.
    2. García, Carlos A. & Riegelhaupt, Enrique & Ghilardi, Adrián & Skutsch, Margaret & Islas, Jorge & Manzini, Fabio & Masera, Omar, 2015. "Sustainable bioenergy options for Mexico: GHG mitigation and costs," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 545-552.
    3. Li, Francis G.N. & Trutnevyte, Evelina, 2017. "Investment appraisal of cost-optimal and near-optimal pathways for the UK electricity sector transition to 2050," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 189(C), pages 89-109.
    4. DeCarolis, Joseph & Daly, Hannah & Dodds, Paul & Keppo, Ilkka & Li, Francis & McDowall, Will & Pye, Steve & Strachan, Neil & Trutnevyte, Evelina & Usher, Will & Winning, Matthew & Yeh, Sonia & Zeyring, 2017. "Formalizing best practice for energy system optimization modelling," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 194(C), pages 184-198.
    5. Panos, Evangelos & Kannan, Ramachandran, 2016. "The role of domestic biomass in electricity, heat and grid balancing markets in Switzerland," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 1120-1138.
    6. Baboo Lesh Gowreesunker & Savvas A. Tassou, 2016. "The Impact of Renewable Energy Policies on the Adoption of Anaerobic Digesters with Farm-Fed Wastes in Great Britain," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(12), pages 1-23, December.
    7. Konadu, D. Dennis & Mourão, Zenaida Sobral & Allwood, Julian M. & Richards, Keith S. & Kopec, Grant & McMahon, Richard & Fenner, Richard, 2015. "Land use implications of future energy system trajectories—The case of the UK 2050 Carbon Plan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 328-337.
    8. Eyre, Nick & Baruah, Pranab, 2015. "Uncertainties in future energy demand in UK residential heating," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 641-653.
    9. William E., Lilley & Luke J., Reedman & Liam D., Wagner & Colin F., Alie & Anthony R., Szatow, 2012. "An economic evaluation of the potential for distributed energy in Australia," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 277-289.
    10. Hall, Lisa M.H. & Buckley, Alastair R., 2016. "A review of energy systems models in the UK: Prevalent usage and categorisation," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 169(C), pages 607-628.
    11. McDowall, Will & Anandarajah, Gabrial & Dodds, Paul E. & Tomei, Julia, 2012. "Implications of sustainability constraints on UK bioenergy development: Assessing optimistic and precautionary approaches with UK MARKAL," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 424-436.


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