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Robust portfolio optimization for electricity planning: An application based on the Brazilian electricity mix

Author

Listed:
  • Costa, Oswaldo L.V.
  • de Oliveira Ribeiro, Celma
  • Rego, Erik Eduardo
  • Stern, Julio Michael
  • Parente, Virginia
  • Kileber, Solange

Abstract

One of the major challenges of today's policy makers and industry strategists is to achieve an electricity mix that presents a high level of energy security within a range of affordable costs and environmental constraints. Bearing in mind the planning of a more reliable electricity mix, the main contribution of this paper is to consider parameter uncertainties on the electricity portfolio optimization problem. We assume that the expected and the covariance matrix of the costs for the different energy technologies, such as gas, coal, nuclear, oil, biomass, wind, large and small hydropower, are not exactly known. We consider that these parameters belong to some uncertainty sets (box, ellipsoidal, lower and upper bounds, and convex polytopic). Three problems are analyzed: (i) finding a energy portfolio of minimum worst case volatility with guaranteed fixed maximum expected energy cost; (ii) finding an energy portfolio of minimum worst case expected cost with guaranteed fixed maximum volatility of the energy cost; (iii) finding a combination of the expected and variance of the cost, weighted by a risk aversion parameter. These problems are written as quadratic, second order cone programming (SOCP), and semidefinite programming (SDP), so that robust optimization tools can be applied. These results are illustrated by analyzing the efficient Brazilian electricity energy mix considered in Losekann et al. (2013) assuming possible uncertainties in the vector of expected costs and covariance matrix. The results suggest that the robust approach, being by nature more conservative, can be useful in providing a reasonable electricity energy mix conciliating CO2 emission, risk and costs under uncertainties on the parameters of the model.

Suggested Citation

  • Costa, Oswaldo L.V. & de Oliveira Ribeiro, Celma & Rego, Erik Eduardo & Stern, Julio Michael & Parente, Virginia & Kileber, Solange, 2017. "Robust portfolio optimization for electricity planning: An application based on the Brazilian electricity mix," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 158-169.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:64:y:2017:i:c:p:158-169
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2017.03.021
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Marrero, Gustavo A. & Ramos-Real, Francisco Javier, 2010. "Electricity generation cost in isolated system: The complementarities of natural gas and renewables in the Canary Islands," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(9), pages 2808-2818, December.
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    1. repec:eee:appene:v:205:y:2017:i:c:p:1364-1383 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:eee:energy:v:148:y:2018:i:c:p:992-1005 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:eneeco:v:70:y:2018:i:c:p:516-524 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:spr:eurjdp:v:6:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s40070-018-0077-4 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Electricity planning; Policy-making; Mean-variance; Robust optimization; Uncertainty; Portfolio theory;

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • C63 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computational Techniques

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