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Motivations for market restructuring: Evidence from U.S. electricity deregulation

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  • Craig, J. Dean

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to examine whether electricity restructuring was brought about due to the Public Interest Theory (that regulatory changes are undertaken to benefit society) or the Interest Group Theory (that groups hoping to gain from deregulation lobby for regulatory changes). From 1996 to 2002 eighteen states developed restructuring programs targeted at improving efficiency through the use of increased wholesale trading, abolition of ‘cost of service’ regulation, measures to open electricity production to non-utility entities, and the unbundling of transmission and distribution. Results indicate some evidence of the Public Interest Theory and strong evidence of the Interest Group Theory.

Suggested Citation

  • Craig, J. Dean, 2016. "Motivations for market restructuring: Evidence from U.S. electricity deregulation," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 162-167.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:60:y:2016:i:c:p:162-167
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2016.10.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Christopher R. Knittel, 2006. "THE ADOPTION OF STATE ELECTRICITY REGULATION: THE ROLE OF INTEREST GROUPS -super-," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(2), pages 201-222, June.
    2. Randall S. Kroszner & Philip E. Strahan, 1999. "What Drives Deregulation? Economics and Politics of the Relaxation of Bank Branching Restrictions," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 114(4), pages 1437-1467.
    3. Kaserman, David L & Mayo, John W & Pacey, Patricia L, 1993. "The Political Economy of Deregulation: The Case of Intrastate Long Distance," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 49-63, March.
    4. J. Dean Craig and Scott J. Savage, 2013. "Market Restructuring, Competition and the Efficiency of Electricity Generation: Plant-level Evidence from the United States 1996 to 2006," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 1).
    5. William M. Emmons, 1997. "Implications Of Ownership, Regulation, And Market Structure For Performance: Evidence From The U.S. Electric Utility Industry Before And After The New Deal," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 79(2), pages 279-289, May.
    6. Peltzman, Sam, 1976. "Toward a More General Theory of Regulation," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 19(2), pages 211-240, August.
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    1. repec:eee:eneeco:v:72:y:2018:i:c:p:365-375 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Interest group theory; Deregulation; Electricity;

    JEL classification:

    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation
    • L94 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Electric Utilities
    • K23 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Regulated Industries and Administrative Law

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