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Switching bubbles: From Outside to Inside Bubbles

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  • Basco, Sergi

Abstract

The United States has recently experienced two asset price bubbles: the Dot-Com and the Housing Bubbles. These bubbles had very different effects on investment and debt of manufacturing firms. In this paper I develop a framework to understand the differential effect of two types of rational bubbles. I distinguish between (i) Outside Bubbles, which I define as savers purchasing and selling costless assets not-attached to inputs of production and (ii) Inside Bubbles, which I define as savers buying an input of production (e.g., land or houses) only as a store of value. The model is an OLG economy with savers and entrepreneurs. Savers save to consume when they are old. Entrepreneurs can borrow to invest but they face a collateral constraint. In this environment, rational bubbles can emerge. I show that the size of an Inside Bubble is larger. I also find that when the economy switches from an Outside to an Inside Bubble, manufacturing (or non-housing) investment and debt is lower, consistent with the U.S. experience. Finally, I show that even though steady-state consumption is higher with an Outside Bubble, a social planner would prefer an Inside Bubble when the productivity of entrepreneurs is low.

Suggested Citation

  • Basco, Sergi, 2016. "Switching bubbles: From Outside to Inside Bubbles," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 236-255.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:87:y:2016:i:c:p:236-255
    DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2016.05.009
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Alberto Martin & Jaume Ventura, 2018. "The Macroeconomics of Rational Bubbles: A User's Guide," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 10(1), pages 505-539, August.
    2. Lise Clain‐Chamosset‐Yvrard & Xavier Raurich & Thomas Seegmuller, 2023. "Are the Liquidity and Collateral Roles of Asset Bubbles Different?," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 55(6), pages 1443-1473, September.
    3. Bengui, Julien & Phan, Toan, 2018. "Asset pledgeability and endogenously leveraged bubbles," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 177(C), pages 280-314.
    4. Lise Clain-Chamosset-Yvrard & Xavier Raurich & Thomas Seegmuller, 2021. "Entrepreneurship, growth and productivity with bubbles," Working Papers halshs-03134474, HAL.
    5. Graczyk, Andrew & Phan, Toan, 2021. "Regressive Welfare Effects Of Housing Bubbles," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 25(8), pages 2102-2127, December.
    6. Dong, Feng & Jia, Yandong & Wang, Siqing, 2022. "Speculative Bubbles and Talent Misallocation," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 141(C).
    7. Bernardo Guimaraes & Pierluca Pannella, 2021. "Short-squeeze bubbles," Discussion Papers 2109, Centre for Macroeconomics (CFM).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rational bubbles; Collateral constraint; Investment; Debt;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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