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Population policies, demographic structural changes, and the Chinese household saving puzzle

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Listed:
  • Ge, Suqin
  • Yang, Dennis Tao
  • Zhang, Junsen

Abstract

Using combined data from population censuses and Urban Household Surveys, we study the effects of demographic structural changes on the rise of household savings in China. Variations in fines across provinces for unauthorized births under the one-child policy and in cohort-specific fertility influenced by the implementation of population control policies are exploited to facilitate identification. We find evidence that older households with fewer adult children saved more, middle-aged households with fewer dependent children experienced increase in savings, and younger households with fewer siblings also saved more. These findings lend support to a simple economic model in which the effects of population control policies are investigated in the context of household saving decisions in China.

Suggested Citation

  • Ge, Suqin & Yang, Dennis Tao & Zhang, Junsen, 2018. "Population policies, demographic structural changes, and the Chinese household saving puzzle," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 181-209.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:101:y:2018:i:c:p:181-209
    DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2017.09.008
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Household saving; One-child policy; Demographic structure; Cohort analysis; China;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

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