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Determinants of Household Saving in Taiwan: Growth, Demography and Public Policy

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  • Prema-Chandra Athukorala
  • Pang-Long Tsai

Abstract

This article examines the determinants of household saving in the process of economic development, in the light of the Taiwanese experience during the period 1952-99. The methodology involves the estimation of a saving rate function derived within the life-cycle framework. It is found that the household saving rate rises with both the level and the rate of growth of household disposable income. The real deposit rate has a significant positive impact, but the magnitude of the impact is modest. Public saving seems to crowd out private saving, but less than proportionately. While both old- and young-dependency in population have a negative impact on the saving rate, the magnitude of the impact of the former is far greater than that of the latter. Increased availability of social security provisions and enhanced credit availability also seem to reduce saving. As regards methodological implications, the study casts doubt on the usual practice of lumping together public, corporate and household savings in saving analysis, and points to the need for separating young dependence and ageing as two distinct aspects of the influence of population dynamics on saving behaviour.

Suggested Citation

  • Prema-Chandra Athukorala & Pang-Long Tsai, 2003. "Determinants of Household Saving in Taiwan: Growth, Demography and Public Policy," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 39(5), pages 65-88.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevst:v:39:y:2003:i:5:p:65-88
    DOI: 10.1080/00220380412331333149
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    3. Mun Lai, 2012. "When having many children pays: a case study from Taiwan," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 25(1), pages 323-348, January.
    4. Eswar S. Prasad, 2011. "Rebalancing Growth in Asia," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(1), pages 27-66, April.
    5. Kelly B. Olds, 2018. "The Taiwan tea boom—a financial glut," Economic History Review, Economic History Society, vol. 71(4), pages 1227-1248, November.
    6. Irma Didelija, 2019. "Analysis Of Empirical Literature Of Saving Determinants," Noble International Journal of Economics and Financial Research, Noble Academic Publsiher, vol. 4(12), pages 111-120, December.
    7. Waleerat Suphannachart & Peter Warr, 2010. "Total Factor Productivity in Thai Agriculture Measurement and Determinants," Working Papers 201001, Kasetsart University, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
    8. Morgan, Peter J., 2012. "The role of macroeconomic policy in rebalancing growth," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 13-25.
    9. Ismail, Aisha & Rashid, Kashif, 2013. "Determinants of household saving: Cointegrated evidence from Pakistan (1975–2011)," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 524-531.
    10. Che-cheong Poon & Tai-Yuen Hon, 2015. "Household Savings in Hong Kong: A Statistical Analysis," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 36(3), pages 353-368, September.
    11. Goh, Soo Khoon & McNown, Robert & Wong, Koi Nyen, 2020. "Macroeconomic implications of population aging: Evidence from Japan," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(C).
    12. Ge, Suqin & Yang, Dennis Tao & Zhang, Junsen, 2018. "Population policies, demographic structural changes, and the Chinese household saving puzzle," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 181-209.
    13. Preecha Swasdpeera & I.M. Pandey, 2012. "Determinants of personal saving: a study of salaried individuals in Thailand," Afro-Asian Journal of Finance and Accounting, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 3(1), pages 34-68.

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