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Does aging influence structural change? Evidence from panel data

  • Siliverstovs, Boriss
  • Kholodilin, Konstantin A.
  • Thiessen, Ulrich

Our study represents a first attempt to single out the effects of aging on the entire structure of the economy that is approximated by employment shares in different sectors. We find that even after controlling for the effects of other relevant factors - e.g., income per capita, share of trade in GDP, government consumption share in GDP, population size - aging does have a statistically significant differentiated impact on the employment shares. In particular, we find that an increase in aging exerts a statistically significant adverse effect on the employment shares in agriculture, manufacturing, construction, and mining and quarrying industries. At the same time, an increasing share of the elderly (decreasing share of the youth) in society positively affects employment shares in community, social, and personal services as well as in the financial sector.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Economic Systems.

Volume (Year): 35 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 (June)
Pages: 244-260

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecosys:v:35:y:2011:i:2:p:244-260
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