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Accounting for single and aggregated forest incomes: Application to public cork oak forests in Jerez (Spain) and Iteimia (Tunisia)


  • Campos, Pablo
  • Daly-Hassen, Hamed
  • Oviedo, José L.
  • Ovando, Paola
  • Chebil, Ali


This study presents an applied improvement in the agroforestry accounting system (AAS) approach to two public cork oak forests in the Mediterranean region: Jerez (Spain) and Iteimia (Tunisia). Both forests have similar environments but differ in land property rights, labour markets and countries (developed and developing economy, respectively). The income analysis considers the differences between forest ownership, and household and landowner economic rationalities. In the case of Jerez, the public landowner has a right to exclude others from using the forest resources; community employment and natural resource conservation criteria determine Jerez's management. In the Iteimia case, the public landowner has regulated free-use rights for livestock grazing, firewood and crops so that local households can meet their needs and improve their income. Households operate by maximizing their income from the full employment of their own family workforce. The results show that Jerez's management generates negative commercial capital income for the public landowner, despite receiving significant public subsidies, while it maintains high internal forestry investment that generates additional local employment. Conversely, Iteimia produces positive commercial capital income for the public landowner and high household self-employed labour income per hectare.

Suggested Citation

  • Campos, Pablo & Daly-Hassen, Hamed & Oviedo, José L. & Ovando, Paola & Chebil, Ali, 2008. "Accounting for single and aggregated forest incomes: Application to public cork oak forests in Jerez (Spain) and Iteimia (Tunisia)," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 76-86, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolec:v:65:y:2008:i:1:p:76-86

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Raunikar, Ronald & Buongiorno, Joseph, 2006. "Willingness to pay for forest amenities: The case of non-industrial owners in the south central United States," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 132-143, January.
    2. World Bank, 2004. "World Development Indicators 2004," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13890.
    3. Campos, Pablo & Caparros, Alejandro, 2006. "Social and private total Hicksian incomes of multiple use forests in Spain," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(4), pages 545-557, June.
    4. Schejtman, Alexander, 1980. "Economía campesina: lógica interna, articulación y persistencia," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ovando, Paola & Campos, Pablo & Oviedo, José L. & Caparrós, Alejandro, 2016. "Ecosystem accounting for measuring total income in private and public agroforestry farms," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 43-51.
    2. Herruzo, A.C. & Martínez-Jauregui, M. & Carranza, J. & Campos, P., 2016. "Commercial income and capital of hunting: an application to forest estates in Andalucía," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 53-61.
    3. Pablo Campos & Paola Ovando & Bruno Mesa & Jose L. Oviedo, 2015. "Renta ambiental de los pastos en fincas privadas agroforestales de Andalucía," Working Papers 1506, Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP), CSIC.
    4. José L. Oviedo & Lynn Huntsinger & Pablo Campos, 2015. "Reconciling landowner income and land prices: the case of Spanish and California oak woodlands," Working Papers 1502, Instituto de Políticas y Bienes Públicos (IPP), CSIC.

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