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Empirical modeling of high-income and emerging stock and Forex market return volatility using Markov-switching GARCH models

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  • Ataurima Arellano, Miguel
  • Rodríguez, Gabriel

Abstract

Using weekly data for stock and Forex market returns, a set of MS-GARCH models is estimated for a group of high-income (HI) countries and emerging market economies (EMEs) using algorithms proposed by Augustyniak (2014) and Ardia et al. (2018, 2019a,b), allowing for a variety of conditional variance and distribution specifications. The main results are: (i) the models selected using Ardia et al. (2018) have a better fit than those estimated by Augustyniak (2014), contain skewed distributions, and often require that the main coefficients be different in each regime; (ii) in Latam Forex markets, estimates of the heavy-tail parameter are smaller than in HI Forex and all stock markets; (iii) the persistence of the high-volatility regime is considerable and more evident in stock markets (especially in Latam EMEs); (iv) in (HI and Latam) stock markets, a single-regime GJR model (leverage effects) with skewed distributions is selected; but when using MS models, virtually no MS-GJR models are selected. However, this does not happen in Forex markets, where leverage effects are not found either in single-regime or MS-GARCH models.

Suggested Citation

  • Ataurima Arellano, Miguel & Rodríguez, Gabriel, 2020. "Empirical modeling of high-income and emerging stock and Forex market return volatility using Markov-switching GARCH models," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 52(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecofin:v:52:y:2020:i:c:s1062940820300607
    DOI: 10.1016/j.najef.2020.101163
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    MS-GARCH models; GARCH models; Returns; Volatility; Latin American countries; High-income countries; Stock; Forex;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods

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