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Global supply chain shifting: A macro sense of production relocation based on multi-regional input-output table


  • Fan, Xiao-mei
  • Liu, Hong-guang


The spatial pattern of global industrial trade has gradually changed since the global financial crisis of 2008. Using a multi-regional input-output table, this paper presents a measurement model of global supply chain shifting to capture the macro production relocation (MPR) between major countries and regions from 2000 to 2014. Results show that: 1) although China is still the world’s largest net exporter, the scale of manufacturing relocation to the country has slowed significantly; 2) the European Union (EU), the United States (US), and India have gradually become the world’s major production relocation destinations, dominated by the service industry; and 3) the extractive industry has begun to shift to developed regions, such as the US and the EU.

Suggested Citation

  • Fan, Xiao-mei & Liu, Hong-guang, 2021. "Global supply chain shifting: A macro sense of production relocation based on multi-regional input-output table," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 672-680.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:94:y:2021:i:c:p:672-680
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2020.02.009

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    2. Manley, Ross L. & Alonso, Elisa & Nassar, Nedal T., 2022. "Examining industry vulnerability: A focus on mineral commodities used in the automotive and electronics industries," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 78(C).
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    5. Dixon, Peter B. & Rimmer, Maureen T., 2022. "Winners and losers in global supply chain trade: Embedding GSC in CGE," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 106(C).
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