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The prospects of a monetary union in East Asia


  • Lee, Grace H.Y.
  • Koh, Sharon G.M.


This paper assesses the empirical desirability of the East Asian economies to form a monetary union. The Structural Vector Autoregression (VAR) method is employed to assess the nature of macroeconomic disturbances among the East Asian countries, as a preliminary guide in identifying potential candidates for forming an Optimum Currency Area (OCA). In comparison with European countries, East Asia has less symmetric underlying structural shocks but the speed of adjustment to shocks is much faster. The empirical results suggest that there exists a scope among some small sub-regions, comprising mainly of ASEAN countries, for potential monetary integration. The finding of an increased symmetry of shocks among countries after the Asian Financial crisis indicates that the regional policy-coordinating effort after the crisis has put the region on the right track if monetary union is a desired goal.

Suggested Citation

  • Lee, Grace H.Y. & Koh, Sharon G.M., 2012. "The prospects of a monetary union in East Asia," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 96-102.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:29:y:2012:i:2:p:96-102 DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2011.06.022

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Andrea Bonilla, 2014. "External vulnerabilities and economic integration. Is the Union of South American Nations a promising project ?," Working Papers halshs-00945044, HAL.
    2. Huh , Hyeon-seung & Park, Cyn-Young, 2013. "Examining the Determinants of Food Prices in Developing Asia," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 370, Asian Development Bank.
    3. Emilio Espino & Julian Kozlowski & Juan M. Sánchez, 2013. "Regionalization vs. globalization," Working Papers 2013-002, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
    4. Huh, Hyeon-seung & Kim, David & Kim, Won Joong & Park, Cyn-Young, 2015. "A factor-augmented VAR analysis of business cycle synchronization in east Asia and implications for a regional currency union," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 449-468.
    5. Fidrmuc, Jarko & Korhonen, Iikka, 2015. "Meta-analysis of Chinese business cycle correlation," BOFIT Discussion Papers 6/2015, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    6. Andrea Bonilla Bolanos, 2014. "External Vulnerabilities And Economic Integration: Is The Union Of South American Nations A Promising Project?," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 39(2), pages 97-131, June.
    7. Dufrénot, Gilles & Keddad, Benjamin, 2014. "Business cycles synchronization in East Asia: A Markov-switching approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 186-197.
    8. Shahriar Kabir & Ruhul Salim, 2016. "Can A Common Currency Induce Intra-Regional Trade? The Southeast Asian Perspective," Review of Urban & Regional Development Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 28(3), pages 218-234, November.
    9. Binet, Marie-Estelle & Pentecôte, Jean-Sébastien, 2015. "Macroeconomic idiosyncrasies and European monetary unification: A sceptical long run view," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 412-423.
    10. Hideaki Hirata & M. Ayhan Kose & Chris Otrok, "undated". "Regionalization vs. Globalization," Working Paper 164456, Harvard University OpenScholar.
    11. Dungey, Mardi & Vehbi, Tugrul, 2015. "The influences of international output shocks from the US and China on ASEAN economies," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 59-71.
    12. Shafighi, Najla & Gharleghi, Behrooz, 2016. "Feasibility of a currency union in East Asia using the five-variable structural vector autoregressive model," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 45-54.
    13. Huh, Hyeon-seung & Kim, David & Kim, Won Joong & Park, Cyn-Young, 2013. "A Factor-Augmented Vector Autoregression Analysis of Business Cycle Synchronization in East Asia and Implications for a Regional Currency Union," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 385, Asian Development Bank.

    More about this item


    Optimum currency area; Monetary union; Vector autoregression; Exchange rate; East Asia;

    JEL classification:

    • F44 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - International Business Cycles
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics


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