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Canada’s Exchange Rate Regime and North American Economic Integration: The Role of Risk-Sharing Mechanisms

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  • Zahir Antia
  • Ramdane Djoudad
  • Pierre St-Amant

Abstract

Our contribution in this paper is threefold. First, we survey the empirical literature on consumption smoothing mechanisms of regional economic shocks. Second, building on the work of Asdrubali et al. (1996), we present evidence on the role played by various smoothing mechanisms for specific economic shocks affecting Canadian provinces. Third, we assess whether smoothing mechanisms play a role at the North American level in facilitating the adjustment to shocks affecting Canada and the United States specifically. Our main conclusion is that there appears to be substantially more smoothing of specific provincial shocks across Canadian provinces than there is smoothing of specific shocks affecting the two countries. From this perspective, and in the absence of major structural changes, a Canada–U.S. monetary union would pose several challenges. We also conclude that the “quantity anomaly,” i.e., the empirical finding that consumption tends to be less correlated than output across countries and across U.S. states, is not present in Canadian provincial data.

Suggested Citation

  • Zahir Antia & Ramdane Djoudad & Pierre St-Amant, 1999. "Canada’s Exchange Rate Regime and North American Economic Integration: The Role of Risk-Sharing Mechanisms," Staff Working Papers 99-17, Bank of Canada.
  • Handle: RePEc:bca:bocawp:99-17
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Faruk Balli & Syed Basher & Rosmy Jean Louis, 2012. "Channels of risk-sharing among Canadian provinces: 1961–2006," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 43(2), pages 763-787, October.
    2. Loes Verstegen & Lex Meijdam, 2016. "The Effectiveness of a Fiscal Transfer Mechanism in a Monetary Union: A DSGE Model for the Euro Area," EcoMod2016 9622, EcoMod.
    3. Shu-ki Tsang, 2002. "From "One Country, Two Systems" to Monetary Integration?," Working Papers 152002, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
    4. Eijffinger, Sylvester & Wagner, Wolf, 2010. "Incentive problems and the pattern of international risk sharing," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(7), pages 1206-1225, November.
    5. Faruk Balli & Eleonora Pierucci & Jian Gan, 2020. "Determinants of risk sharing via exports: trade openness and specialisation," International Journal of Computational Economics and Econometrics, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 10(4), pages 380-397.
    6. Guidara, Alaa & Lai, Van Son & Soumaré, Issouf & Tchana, Fulbert Tchana, 2013. "Banks’ capital buffer, risk and performance in the Canadian banking system: Impact of business cycles and regulatory changes," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(9), pages 3373-3387.
    7. Liliane Karlinger, 2002. "The Impact of Common Currencies on Financial Markets: A Literature Review and Evidence from the Euro Area," Staff Working Papers 02-35, Bank of Canada.
    8. Louis, Rosmy J & Brown, Ryan & Balli, Faruk, 2009. "Are Mortgage Rates Bubbling Up Trouble for Canadas Metropolitan Housing Sector?," MPRA Paper 17245, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Jean Louis, Rosmy & Brown, Ryan & Balli, Faruk, 2011. "On the feasibility of monetary union: Does it make sense to look for shocks symmetry across countries when none of the countries constitutes an optimum currency area?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 2701-2718.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Exchange rates; exchange rate regimes;

    JEL classification:

    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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