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Parents social and resource capital: Predictors of academic achievement during early childhood


  • Schlee, Bethanne M.
  • Mullis, Ann K.
  • Shriner, Michael


Although research in the area of academic achievement has expanded over the past several years, questions about the individual and social factors, especially in early childhood, remain unanswered. The purpose of this study is to examine to what extent parents and teacher/school's social capital and resource capital predict academic achievement in early childhood. It is also the purpose of this study to examine the usefulness of social capital theory in claming and understanding of academic achievement in early childhood. This study utilized the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 (ECLS-K). Children and their parents who participated in the study in the Spring of 1999 (baseline) and the Spring of 2002 (third grade) was the focus of this research. Results from this study found that parent's resource capital is a better predicator of children's academic achievement than parents' social capital. This study also discusses the findings in relation to implications for future research and policy work.

Suggested Citation

  • Schlee, Bethanne M. & Mullis, Ann K. & Shriner, Michael, 2009. "Parents social and resource capital: Predictors of academic achievement during early childhood," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 227-234, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:cysrev:v:31:y:2009:i:2:p:227-234

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Guang Guo & Kathleen Harris, 2000. "The mechanisms mediating the effects of poverty on children’s intellectual development," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 37(4), pages 431-447, November.
    2. Green, Richard K. & White, Michelle J., 1997. "Measuring the Benefits of Homeowning: Effects on Children," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(3), pages 441-461, May.
    3. Rosenzweig, Mark R & Schultz, T Paul, 1982. "Market Opportunities, Genetic Endowments, and Intrafamily Resource Distribution: Child Survival in Rural India," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(4), pages 803-815, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kaushal, Neeraj & Nepomnyaschy, Lenna, 2009. "Wealth, race/ethnicity, and children's educational outcomes," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(9), pages 963-971, September.
    2. Vicky Tam & Raymond Chan, 2010. "Hong Kong Parents’ Perceptions and Experiences of Involvement in Homework: A Family Capital and Resource Management Perspective," Journal of Family and Economic Issues, Springer, vol. 31(3), pages 361-370, September.


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