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Resource management and transition in Central Asia, Azerbaijan and Mongolia

  • Pomfret, Richard

This paper analyses resource management experiences of seven resource-rich Asian transition economies. The countries’ experiences illustrate that a series of hurdles need to be surmounted to benefit from resource abundance, and that neither the similar initial institutions nor those created in the 1990s were immutable. For Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan the ability to earn revenue from cotton exports permitted avoidance of reform. Oil in Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan was associated with large-scale corruption, but with soaring revenues in the 2000s their institutions evolved and to some extent improved. Kyrgyzstan and Mongolia illustrate the challenge facing a small economy with a large potential mineral resource, with the former suffering from competition for rents among the elite and the latter from lost opportunities.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Asian Economics.

Volume (Year): 23 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 146-156

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Handle: RePEc:eee:asieco:v:23:y:2012:i:2:p:146-156
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/asieco

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  1. Halvor Mehlum & Karl Moene & Ragnar Torvik, 2002. "Institutions and the resource curse," Development and Comp Systems 0210003, EconWPA.
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  16. Richard Pomfret, 2011. "Exploiting Energy and Mineral Resources in Central Asia, Azerbaijan and Mongolia," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 53(1), pages 5-33, March.
  17. Boyce, John R. & Herbert Emery, J.C., 2011. "Is a negative correlation between resource abundance and growth sufficient evidence that there is a "resource curse"?," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 1-13, March.
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