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Energy supply modelling of a low-CO2 emitting energy system: Case study of a Danish municipality


  • Sveinbjörnsson, Dadi
  • Ben Amer-Allam, Sara
  • Hansen, Anders Bavnhøj
  • Algren, Loui
  • Pedersen, Allan Schrøder


Municipal activities play an important role in national and global CO2-emission reduction efforts, with Nordic countries at the forefront thanks to their energy planning tradition and high penetration of renewable energy sources. In this work, we present a case study of the Danish municipality of Sønderborg, whose aim is to reach zero net CO2 emissions by 2029. Sønderborg has an official strategic plan towards 2029, which we compared with four alternative scenarios to investigate how the municipality could approach its target in the most energy-efficient and cost-effective way while simultaneously keeping biomass and waste consumption close to the limits of the locally available residual resources.

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  • Sveinbjörnsson, Dadi & Ben Amer-Allam, Sara & Hansen, Anders Bavnhøj & Algren, Loui & Pedersen, Allan Schrøder, 2017. "Energy supply modelling of a low-CO2 emitting energy system: Case study of a Danish municipality," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 195(C), pages 922-941.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:195:y:2017:i:c:p:922-941
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.03.086

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    Cited by:

    1. Ma, Weiwu & Xue, Xinpei & Liu, Gang, 2018. "Techno-economic evaluation for hybrid renewable energy system: Application and merits," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 159(C), pages 385-409.
    2. Hu, Guangxiao & Ma, Xiaoming & Ji, Junping, 2019. "Scenarios and policies for sustainable urban energy development based on LEAP model – A case study of a postindustrial city: Shenzhen China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 238(C), pages 876-886.
    3. Chévez, Pedro Joaquín & Martini, Irene & Discoli, Carlos, 2019. "Methodology developed for the construction of an urban-energy diagnosis aimed to assess alternative scenarios: An intra-urban approach to foster cities’ sustainability," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 237(C), pages 751-778.
    4. Quarton, Christopher J. & Samsatli, Sheila, 2018. "Power-to-gas for injection into the gas grid: What can we learn from real-life projects, economic assessments and systems modelling?," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 302-316.
    5. Weinand, Jann Michael & Kleinebrahm, Max & McKenna, Russell & Mainzer, Kai & Fichtner, Wolf, 2019. "Developing a combinatorial optimisation approach to design district heating networks based on deep geothermal energy," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 251(C), pages 1-1.
    6. Jalil-Vega, F. & Hawkes, A.D., 2018. "Spatially resolved model for studying decarbonisation pathways for heat supply and infrastructure trade-offs," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 210(C), pages 1051-1072.
    7. Birol Kılkış & Şiir Kılkış, 2018. "Hydrogen Economy Model for Nearly Net-Zero Cities with Exergy Rationale and Energy-Water Nexus," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(5), pages 1-33, May.
    8. Cosme Segador-Vegas & Justo García-Sanz-Calcedo & Daniel Encinas-Martín, 2018. "Determination of the Energy Behaviour in Municipalities with Fewer than 6000 Inhabitants in Badajoz (Spain)," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(9), pages 1-16, August.


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