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Municipal energy-planning and development of local energy-systems


  • Nilsson, J. Stenlund
  • Mårtensson, A.


Over the past three decades, Swedish energy policy has evolved in three major stages--oil reduction, phase-out of nuclear energy, renewable energy--each with a different focus. Since 1977, Swedish law has required municipalities to develop an energy plan that addresses the supply, distribution, and use of energy. Whether such plans have contributed to the development of local energy-systems has been a subject for debate. This paper is based on a study of 12 municipal energy-plans that attempted to control and develop local energy-systems in southern Sweden. The analysis examines how municipalities promote oil reduction, efficient energy use, and the use of renewable energy. The plans varied in planning processes, contents, and level of ambition. The results of the study show that the contents of the plans follow the national energy-policies with respect to reduction of oil use, improved energy efficiency, and increased use of renewable energy.

Suggested Citation

  • Nilsson, J. Stenlund & Mårtensson, A., 2003. "Municipal energy-planning and development of local energy-systems," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 76(1-3), pages 179-187, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:76:y:2003:i:1-3:p:179-187

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Brita Olerup, 2000. "Scale and Scope in Municipal Energy Planning in Sweden," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(2), pages 205-220.
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